Obama college thesis constitution is inherently flawed
Obama College Thesis: 'Constitution is Inherently Flawed'
College thesis michelle obama
is plenty of evidence to show that low-income families have access to more and better goods than ever before. by holding out the promise of just rewards for one’s efforts, america opened up a world of opportunity for all. astute observer will notice that, by and large, those who rail against inequality either do not bother to explain why inequality is bad or do so as a mere afterthought. but the right to hold on to your existing property is only one component of property rights. california, it takes 1,500 hours of study before one is allowed to cut hair or trim beards. these in turn encompass 10 discrete factors ranging from the ease of doing business to the stability of currencies.’s self-identification of frank nitti the mobster killer as his "professor" is important. democrats considered west virginia a safe state for years; thus, the state probably saw less post-nomination campaign activity from 1960-2000 than it might have otherwise. the exhortation to work hard and persevere if you fail has given way to calls for greater government involvement in ensuring that all rise in the first place. on the other hand, in the four biggest states (the most under-represented), 52 percent of the population is a minority, compared to only 37 percent of the country as a whole (goodman).” as noted in the first part of this report, enforced income parity is neither desirable nor just. translating all of this into dollars and cents, great income disparities are a natural part of a free economy. hillary clinton wrote her wellesley college thesis on alinsky, interviewing him personally for her research. denial of the capability of people to attain knowledge and understanding from existing sources of information is a component of nihilism. should always be very cautious of being seduced by the promise of sameness of opportunity. what kind of effective governance is possible from the permanent agitator when the reins of power are handed to him/her? nechayev passionately argued that, for revolutionaries, “the extent of his friendship, devotion and other obligations towards his comrade is determined only by their degree of usefulness in the practical work of total revolutionary destruction. two weeks before his death in 1972 alinsky gave a revealing interview to playboy magazine., is assistant director of and research fellow in the center for data analysis, at the heritage foundation. thinking through the premises and promises of the american dream, it should be clear that it aspires neither to radical equality of opportunity (i. these opportunities, in turn, inevitably translate into some real movement up and down the economic ladder: fortunes made and lost and inspiring tales of people moving ahead in life coupled with cautionary tales of inherited wealth foolishly squandered. indeed, bush's margin of victory in the electoral college would have been greater under the district plan, despite his popular vote loss. the preceding section has made clear, income inequality is not an obstacle to advancement in the united states, but obstacles do exist. whoever rejects it does of necessity fly to anarchy or to despotism. as ronald reagan once said at the conservative political action conference, “now, there are those who will always require help from the rest of us on a permanent basis, and we’ll provide that help.burtless, “effects of growing wage disparities and changing family composition on the u. This new dream has very little in common with the real American Dream.“such, in some sort, is a true picture of the restless activity and ever-changing relations of american society., of course, came from the ancien régime, where work—in particular work for profit—was despised."let's say that if there is an afterlife, and i have anything to say about it, i will unreservedly choose to go to hell."history is like a relay race of revolutions; the torch of idealism is carried by one group of revolutionaries until it too becomes an establishment, and then the torch is snatched up and carried on the next leg of the race by a new generation of revolutionaries. this worldview is the polar opposite of the entitlement mentality and the liberal cult of victimhood. perhaps the electoral college is imperfect -- but a perfect solution is doubtless unachievable. in 1948, for example, the electoral college enabled the proudly racist strom thurmond to win a few states in the south, earning 7. politics for the electoral college:Because of the electoral college’s winner-take-all system, not only can certain groups be ignored, they can be actively disregarded. equally important is the right—possessed by all, rich and poor alike—to acquire new property (and by implication, to lose what they now possess). goodman wrote for the huffington post, even if the electoral college “isn’t intentionally inherently racist, it still works that way: by privileging the voters of less populous, mostly white states, the electoral college takes away power from the large racial minority populations in big states and adds to the existing racial injustices surrounding voting” (goodman). while the american dream we all know is about climbing the ladder of opportunity, the new liberal american dream can best be likened to an escalator of results—everyone hops on and moves up without effort. second, it is consumption—not income—that tells us how a person is living. still, in four of the past five elections, democrats could have won the electoral college while losing the popular vote. electoral college was considered to fit perfectly within this republican, federalist government that had been created. promise of the war on poverty was not, however, merely to prop up living standards through an ever-expanding welfare state. he was successful in flattering himself (his characterization) into the capone organization and became a trusted fellow traveler for "two years" according to his estimate. the denial of history is an important component of the denial of ethics and morality. the mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature. a commercial republic, by contrast, industriousness, labor, work, and enterprise are elevated to the rank of virtues. must help those who fail and find themselves in dire straits, but if their failure is not catastrophic, why not encourage them to get back on their feet and give it a second go instead of coddling them by blaming an unfair system? over the course of the 20th century, as the liberal heirs to progressivism implemented and expanded the omnipotent and omnipresent state, the red tape kept rising, entangling all americans in a web of costly, cumbersome, and often ill-designed laws and regulations.krueger, “the rise and consequences of inequality in the united states. in response, employers will likely try to find ways not to hire that 51st worker or pass on the cost of the insurance policy to their employees in the form of lower wages, with those who are working at entry-level jobs hit particularly hard:Many individuals earning close to the minimum wage will not be worth hiring if the employer is required to offer them health insurance coverage…. it is wholly inadequate to the government of any other. as long as there’s this huge inequality in health and mortality, there’s a diminished voice to speak out against the problem” (michaels). the conclusions he reaches are not pleasant but are borne out by current events, public utterances of the president, his history, and the work of alinsky himself.’s dedication of “rules for radicals” to lucifer is easily understood; as a champion of amorality and the abandonment of ethics as nothing more than props that sustain the status quo lucifer is the perfect model of the destroyer for the activist alinsky. today, out-of-wedlock childbearing—with the resulting growth of single-parent homes—is the most important cause of child poverty. current use of the term "change" is directly from saul alinsky. popular election is not the only alternative to the electoral college that has been proposed. hence it is that such democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths. the aim of this report is therefore to recover the true promise of the american dream (part i), expose the red herring that is income inequality (part ii), and refocus our attention on what really threatens the dream (part iii). the electoral college defends against fraudulent behavior and human error in two ways: first, the system makes it difficult to predict where stolen votes will make a difference. america is the land of opportunity, and economic freedom is what makes mobility possible. as should be obvious from this summary presentation of the principles of economic freedom, the government plays an important role in securing property rights and overseeing markets. this distrust in the idea of knowledge itself is a totalitarian, anti-intellectual concept.the term itself would first appear much later in james truslow adams’s progressive history the epic of america, published in 1931. close popular votes, such as those discussed above, could easily result in demands for recounts on a national scale. putting all this together, we can measure, for example, how much more people earn than their parents did, how people compare to their peers at different points in time, or where they rank in the income distribution compared to where their parents ranked. show also did something no major television program had ever done before: it featured not one, but two adult males who didn’t work. not only is work not held in dishonor among these peoples, but it is held in honor; the prejudice is not against it, but for it. this is the sum of good government, and this is necessary to close the circle of our felicities. gordon and ian dew-becker, “controversies about the rise of american inequality,” national bureau of economic research working paper no. instead, the very top is occupied by people who have become wealthy through compensation from work. since no one can be unjustly deprived of the fruits of his labor and ideas, there is a strong incentive to work hard, excel, innovate, and devise clever ways to do things better. as far as what should be done, well, we seem to be even more divided than we are on most other political issues – and in america that’s saying something. ladder of opportunity is an apt metaphor for the american dream.“of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports.
Obama's Columbia 'thesis' is all fiction, dreamed up by blogger
Obama college thesis
this is not absurd but an embrace of constant self-examination and improvement. if we take notice of income inequality, it is only as a symptom of a deeper cause. ongoing agitation that comes now directly from the white house, most particularly the failed health care “reform,” shows that the “rubbing raw” method is being followed closely; the popular resistance to “change” that we now see growing across the country is evidence that perhaps this method of “community organizing” is bereft of solutions. in reality, we ought not to preoccupy ourselves with the rise in income inequality over the past several decades because it has affected neither economic mobility nor economic growth. armed with a faith in the benevolence of bureaucracy, the progressives enthusiastically embraced the idea of a plenipotentiary state with unlimited jurisdiction over all areas of life. see orazio attanasio, erik hurst, and luigi pistaferri, “the evolution of income, consumption and leisure inequality in the us, 1980–2010,” national bureau of economic research working paper no. and let us never mistake americans for a nation of helpless dependents, waiting for a federal program to solve all of life’s problems. academic evidence on the immediate impact of the minimum wage on wage inequality is mixed. does anybody really think that priests choose the cloth for the “big bucks” it promises and not the other-worldly “retirement plan”? believed that the struggle itself is empowering and important, in and of itself. the pursuit of happiness is a broad—some would even say nebulous—concept. the reason for this seeming discrepancy is that family size has declined, and this decline has affected measures of family income but not per capita consumption. the norm remains a plenipotentiary state that claims jurisdiction over every aspect of life. he said that he had "kicked the habit" of judaism at an early age, but would always say that he was a "jew. misrepresented what is actually going on in economic distribution over the past few decades, the income equalizers are looking for a culprit. the self-reliant man values his accomplishments only insofar as he sees them as the just rewards of his efforts.’s not surprising that support (or lack thereof) for the electoral college was much more partisan following the 2000 election. a more precise measure reveals that income inequalities are not as pronounced as the standard measures suggest. historically, half of food stamp aid to families with children has gone to families that have received aid for 8. the whole history of jim crow laws, and the racist brutality that went with them was built on the 1876 precedent” (landy). these arguments against the district plan, the current system allows a state to switch to the district plan if it decides that doing so would be beneficial within its borders -- and it may do so without the necessity of passing a constitutional amendment. in her autobiography living my life, goldman wrote:“i did not believe that a cause which stood for a beautiful ideal, for anarchism, for release and freedom from convention and prejudice, should demand the denial of life and joy. the fear that the united states has become a society of haves and have-nots is disproven by data on consumption. however, in 2000, the bush campaign recognized an opportunity to gain a foothold in the state due to concern about the impact of gore's environmental policies on the coal-mining industry and his support for gun control.. see ronald reagan, reagan, in his own hand 243 (kiron k. we live in a time of disunity and radicalism foisted upon us by our leadership. real american dream is first and foremost about hard work and the opportunities created by a free economy. virtually every household below the poverty line has a television, while over three-fourths have microwaves and air-conditioning.) considering how congress (often under the influence of lobbyists) are the ones who would be in charge of making the practice illegal, it’s almost unimaginable that a congress (who can’t seem to reach a consensus on just about anything) would pass a bill that would potentially cut millions of dollars from their future earnings. we easily forget that a minimum-wage worker in america has a level of material comfort that even louis xiv could not have imagined. it is not the function of courts or legislative bodies, national or state, to alter the method which the constitution has fixed. frederick douglass summed up his message to those who sought to get ahead in life in the following way:Work! the long run, americans pay a heavy price for this marriage of business and government. it is stunning to see someone dedicated to destruction and deconstruction so self-convinced that he is an agent of human necessity and development; alinsky is deeply confused. when it comes to the american dream, the family is not a tangential social or religious issue; it is a crucial economic one that is deeply intertwined with mobility. for adults in their fifties to earn more than college students or retirees is perfectly normal. all of this is part of a larger trend in the erosion of the family that is discussed in part iii of this report. i will also focus on mikhail bakunin, a russian contemporary and (arguably) friend of nechayev, through his own revolutionary catechism in 1866, as well as his 1870 letter to nechayev on the role of secret revolutionary societies (i will not discuss bakunin’s confession, given the questionable motivations/sincerity of the work). of the district plan argue that the system preserves the small-state advantage, while allowing diversity within the states to be reflected in the national election totals. rejection of morality and ethics and the embrace of total pragmatism to achieve the goal of power is characteristic of the “radical” lucifer so respected by alinsky. the spirited, entrepreneurial, and determinedly self-reliant citizens envisioned by the founders of our constitutional republic will give way to a herd of timid and envious clients who increasingly turn to an omnipotent state for their well-being. the profound ideological divide between liberals and conservatives, it should come as no surprise that they do not mean the same thing when they speak of the american dream. the minimum wage also has little impact on the growth of wages in the top 1 percent, which is the main driver in the increase in inequality. the anti-morality of alinsky has brought our national political discourse to a breaking point.“community organizer” barack hussein obama teaches the alinsky method of power acquisition. dreamers, utopians, and fantasists do not drive the world; they break it or are broken by it. the rule of a minority, as a permanent arrangement, is wholly inadmissible; so that, rejecting the majority principle, anarchy or despotism in some form is all that is left. even more enlightening is that the mob killer nitti is the anti-thesis of what america is about; amorality and criminality were what alinsky apparently found so fascinating about nitti and his gang- they beat “the system” which alinsky saw as just as corrupt or equally so to the capone/nitti gangsters.. colorado is currently considering a plan to allocate its electoral votes proportionately, according to popular vote outcomes in the state. did the framers of the constitution mean in requiring [action] by `legislatures'? standard measure of income based on census bureau data is flawed. many families at the bottom continually report that their consumption is outpacing their income level with no associated increase in debt. what does alinsky’s nihilism say about those who follow in his footsteps? only five states, according to ut law professor sanford levinson, “enjoy parity between their percentage of the national population and their percentage in the electoral college” (levinson, 90). the electoral college minimizes the impact of fraud, isolating it to the one or two states where the vote was close, disputed, and relevant to the electoral college balance. by raising the cost of hiring an employee, it reduces employment among low-skilled workers, thereby increasing overall inequality. bush's win, the last president to win the electoral vote but lose the popular vote was benjamin harrison in 1888. more blunt terms, sy landy argued that the compromise of 1877 “promised the white rulers of the southern states that the last of the civil war union troops would be withdrawn from the south, so that the rights that blacks gained during the revolutionary post-war reconstruction period could be taken away. right to property also entails the liberty to dispose of one’s belongings as one sees fit. she wrote, “there is no greater fallacy than the belief that aims and purposes are one thing, while methods and tactics are another. every child does better than his parents in this regard: 93 percent of children born to a family at the bottom of the scale do better than their parents, and 88 percent of children in the middle exceed their parents’ income. a president is elected when one candidate wins a majority of the votes of state delegations (currently 26). likewise, the same person will earn less at the beginning of his career than he will 20 years later when he has accumulated experience. this is not the future for which abraham lincoln had labored. it encompasses several distinct yet interconnected liberties, from religious liberty to the freedom of the press, and a host of other rights subsumed under “the pursuit of happiness. alinsky saw the march of history as driven by revolution; without revolution there is stagnation (lack of development of humanity in his view). have redefined the american dream along egalitarian and statist lines. is also a better indicator of the well-being of low-income families because consumption data are more accurate than income data.” the revolutionary, he argues, “must face the annihilation of a situation, of a relationship or of any person who is a part of this world – everything and everyone must be equally odious to him. as this may sound, however, it is worth remembering that free markets have been and sadly remain the exception across the world. indeed, for the countless americans who have succeeded or ensured a better life for their children, the american dream is not an imaginary vision but a concrete reality. within the liberal rhetoric on income inequality is the unstated premise that fairness demands something approaching income equality. although the supreme court recognized one exception to this principle in smiley v. while the aristocratic regime of old europe is not about to make a comeback in the u. the exhortation to work hard and persevere if you fail has given way to calls for greater government involvement to ensure that everyone rises in the first place.
Obama college thesis constitution is inherently flawed therefore, they conclude, passage of a referendum or other citizen initiative is a perfectly legal and valid manner of changing electoral vote allocations in the state. since when do we in america endorse the politics of envy and division? while both bakunin and goldman are unquestionably idealistic, they are undoubtedly more compassionate and less tyrannical than nechayev. at this time, 270 votes constitute a majority of the electoral college and will win the presidency for a candidate. poverty takes many forms in america, but dickensian squalor and destitution is not one of them: 80 percent of poor households have air conditioning; nearly 75 percent have a vehicle (31 percent have two or more); and 42 percent of poor households actually own their own homes. recent decades, income has risen for all segments of the population. rector and sheffield, “obama administration ends welfare reform as we know it. help new english review continue to publish interesting articles like this one, please click here.“if there is a form of government, then, whose principle and foundation is virtue, will not every sober man acknowledge it better calculated to promote the general happiness than any other form? here, then, are some guidelines on how to think about the matter:It is imperative that we keep in mind the distinction between the two conceptions of equality of opportunity—or, to be more precise, that we not confuse equality of opportunity with sameness of opportunity. to what marxist economists argue, however, that is not the way our economy works. pragmatism without morality and ethics to check it is amoral and leads to de-construction and devolution. medicare faces a 75-year unfunded liability in excess of trillion—even as it is plagued by serious gaps in coverage, an increasing number of demoralized doctors refusing to accept new medicare patients, a sluggish and outdated system of inflexible governance, and tens of billions of dollars in annual losses to waste, fraud, and abuse.” economist robert reich blames “casino capitalism” for “the greatest concentration of the nation’s income and wealth at the very top since the gilded age of the nineteenth century, with the richest 400 americans owning as much as the bottom 150 million put together. is at the foundation of soviet communism, pol pot's cambodia, mao's china, hitler's germany, etc. this is anti-intellectualism and a denial of context and history which results in what can only be endless agitation, conflict, and de-construction.., ky fullerton, bush, gore, and the 2000 presidential election: time for the electoral college to go? alinsky writes in the dedication to lucifer that history cannot be known. would interest groups want to hire former members of congress as lobbyists? the feudal societies in which the poor could never earn more than mere subsistence wages and the rich could never lose their estates, america’s commitment to property rights decoupled property rights from birth. any institution that allows one group of people to advance at the expense of another is to be brought down even if those who advance within it do so as a result of honest hard work and talent.. james madison, notes of debates in the federal convention of 1787, at 64 (adrienne koch ed. even without equalizing the population, the distribution of income is flattened, with those at the bottom richer and those at the top poorer, by including taxes and government transfer payments. granted, especially given the influence of short-term politics, this likely won’t catch on any time soon, if it ever does at all (hoffman, 1015). in fact, the acorn “sting” as it is now known is alinsky methodology put to good use. the cycle goes on and on, and along the way the values of humanism and social justice the rebels champion take shape and change and are slowly implanted in the minds of all men even as their advocates falter and succumb to the materialistic decadence of the prevailing status quo.“a majority held in restraint by constitutional checks and limitations, and always changing easily with deliberate changes of popular opinions and sentiments, is the only true sovereign of a free people. americans believe that we have something of great value; we know it is so because we enjoy liberties that others on this earth do not; we know it is so because so many immigrate to our shores for the freedoms, openness, and opportunity that this country offers.attanasio, hurst, and pistaferri, “the evolution of income, consumption and leisure inequality in the us, 1980–2010. this pernicious collusion of big business and big government, which benefits both at the expense of honest, hardworking taxpayers, is our new economic reality. erosion of our culture of work and the rise of a slacker culture that disparages hard work and celebrates indolence;. one should not confuse the dream of opportunity with the utopian vision of a world in which chance has been conquered and no unforeseen circumstances can derail our plans. it is not all seething resentment against the rich and alarmist claims about our slow descent into plutocracy. that’s the real class warfare that threatens us: a class of bureaucrats and connected crony capitalists trying to rise above the rest of us, call the shots, rig the rules, and preserve their place atop society. hamilton, the preeminent founder of our commercial republic, called the spirit of enterprise fostered by free markets “an inexhaustible mine of national wealth. looming fiscal crisis that has already saddled the next generation with an unconscionable level of debt. in this scenario, a handful of states (or heavily populated cities) win, while the remaining states and less-populated areas suffer significantly. nearly all societies throughout history had hampered the free flow of goods and services and denied men and women the full fruits of their labor, america embraced the revolutionary idea that all are entitled to acquire and possess property. year, the census bureau releases the government’s official measure of income inequality, a statistical distribution of incomes by household. what matters is not how much more those at the top earn in relation to those at the bottom—they are, after all, not in competition with one another—but rather the real needs of those at the bottom and their opportunities for advancement. households even out their yearly consumption through savings or borrowing, knowing that their incomes will rise when they are older and probably fall as they retire. the electoral college enabled jim crow and its lasting legacy:Perhaps most significant, i would even argue that the electoral college brought an end to reconstruction and ushered in jim crow, the legacy of which still lives on today. if these issues were addressed, it’s likely that a direct popular vote, in which each ballot matters, would lead to an increase in voter turnout on a national level (levinson, 89). fact that people weigh other nonmonetary considerations in choosing a career should also remind us that there is more to human flourishing and the pursuit of happiness than dollars and cents."we'll not only give them a cause, we'll make life goddamn exciting for them again -- life instead of existence. crony capitalism forces taxpayers to subsidize well-connected players and restricts opportunities for the rest of us. it does this because the middle is where the inclusive coalitions can be built. in this sense, property is a practical metaphor reminding us of our rights just as it protects them in reality—a tangible reminder of our unalienable rights and the resulting limits on government.” only 8 percent of these families are poor, whereas 79 percent of those who fail to do this are poor. some will not succeed, as lincoln said, “because of either a dependent nature which prefers it, or improvidence, folly or singular misfortune. 11, 2000, at a12; chris mondics, gun issue a difficult one for gore, balt. what is at stake in this debate, it is imperative that the american dream be rescued from those who would so radically redefine it. a colorado citizens' organization -- financed by a group from san francisco and funded by a brazilian millionaire who resides part-time in california62 -- recently collected enough signatures to place a referendum on its november 2004 ballot. obama's training in chicago by the great community organizers is showing its effectiveness. there is no discussion of what is to replace this system once it is brought down. we'll give them a way to participate in the democratic process, a way to exercise their rights as citizens and strike back at the establishment that oppresses them, instead of giving in to apathy. of the income inequality argument is that the middle and lower classes cannot acquire the same goods and services as those at the top can acquire. elections since 1804 have generally seen wide margins of victory in the electoral college. but, because of the electoral college, bush won the south’s electoral votes and the election. democratic theories try to satisfy the choices of all voters, but not to the point of destabilizing democratic majorities and democratic government itself. hardaway, the electoral college and the constitution: the case for preserving federalism 21 (1994) ("what the advocates of direct election fail to take into account, however, is that these consistently large pluralities and majorities are the result of the very electoral college system they are seeking to destroy. a-list movie stars and sports all-stars receive much higher compensation than their lesser-known brethren. in fact, two states, maine and nebraska, don’t follow the winner-take-all system; instead, the states give two votes to the statewide winner and then one vote to the winner of each congressional district. immoral and criminal is everything which stands in its way. in addition to alleviating some of the past’s practical issues of conducting a popular vote, the electoral college was also designed as a safeguard from the uneducated masses, leaving more power in the hands of the governing elites (levinson). the acceptance of unequal results as an inevitable part of the pursuit of happiness has been supplanted by demands that income be redistributed more fairly. today, small states undoubtedly receive less attention than large states (unless, of course, the large state is considered a safe state). in practice, as we will see in the first section of part iii of this report, there are abuses that demand to be remedied. short, to pursue happiness is to go out into the world and “do your thing”—to apply your skills whichever way you see fit and cultivate whatever talents you choose to cultivate: to become a poet, an accountant, a cellist, or a businessman—perhaps even all in one lifetime. historical measurements are used, it is important to note that people who were at the top in the 1960s are not at the top today.“perfection” as a realistic political goal is a utopian concept.” in his own revolutionary catechism, bakunin warns against sacrificing freedom, even for causes like nechayev’s, noting the importance of “absolute rejection of every authority including that which sacrifices freedom for the convenience of the state.. department of agriculture runs aggressive ad campaigns, in both english and spanish, encouraging more people to sign up for the program.” history matters, and goldman recognized that a foundation of oppressive means laid the foundation for oppressive ends. fact, in 2008, john mccain and barack obama (who combined to spend more than one billion dollars for the first time in campaign history) spent “more than 98% of all campaign events and more than 98% of all campaign spending took place in only 15 states,” with the majority of these events taking place in only florida, ohio, pennsylvania, and virginia (gerber).
Obama college thesis hoax
a claim about inequality without a sustained discussion of its effects and causes tells us very little."65 in short, the court held, when the constitution says "the legislature," it means "the legislature. “economically speaking,” the new republic’s timothy noah writes, “the richest nation on earth is starting to resemble a banana republic. the candidate with the most votes in any congressional district would win that district's one electoral vote. in fact it seems, the process of change itself, not the implementation of "change," is the goal. traditional family is not in good shape, especially in the lower class and now, increasingly, in the middle class. liberalism has always been adept at concealing the radical nature of its ideas by cloaking its agenda in the traditional american rhetoric of equality, liberty, and opportunity. effectiveness and success are divorced from issues of morality and ethics; success is its own morality for alinsky and his followers. female workers display a slightly smaller gap but a similar trend, with more highly educated females having less leisure today than they did in 1985. to focus obsessively on income levels is to look at life through a rather narrow prism. evidence suggests that paying people for better performance has contributed to the growth in wage disparity because the most skilled workers are getting the biggest pay increase for successful work, and wages are more different at all levels of skill than ever before. if the rise in inequality does indeed threaten opportunity and prosperity, then it threatens the very promise at the heart of the american dream.abraham lincoln, “address to the wisconsin state agricultural society, milwaukee, wisconsin,” september 30, 1859, speeches and writings, vol.” again, nechayev seems to miss the glaringly problematic idea that, in order to support the people, the people themselves should sacrifice themselves and their desires to the cause."the despair is there; now it's up to us to go in and rub raw the sores of discontent, galvanize them for radical social change. hoffman goes as far as saying that, when viewed in context, the electoral college and its “winner-take-all rule appears little different from literacy tests, the white primary, and the poll tax – nothing more nor less than an instrument of white supremacy” (hoffman, 1002). this could adversely affect mobility because it costs more to achieve a middle-class standard of living.“barack stood up that day,” talking about a visit to chicago neighborhoods, “and spoke words that have stayed with me ever since. second, to the degree that fraud and errors do occur, the electoral college makes it possible to isolate the problem to one state or a handful of states. under the electoral college system, the states are as evenly represented as possible, given that they are not all the same size. electing presidents by states' votes, rather than individuals' votes, creates a method of electing a president who is a good compromise candidate for the majority of americans. it is therefore essential that we unravel the income inequality argument by closely analyzing its constitutive parts., one of the federal government’s two principal powers under our constitution pertains to the national economy. the self-reliant citizen is not so foolishly proud as to refuse a helping hand in trying times, but he is somewhat ashamed to turn to others for help and accepts their assistance with a view to getting back on his feet as quickly as possible—and perhaps even paying back those who helped him.kurt vonnegut, “harrison bergeron,” in what so proudly we hail: the american soul in story, speech, and song, ed. research has found that the decline in marital rates and the rise of single parents have accounted for over half of the rise of inequality among children.” lbj sold the “nationwide war on the sources of poverty” by promising that it would open the “gates of opportunity” for all americans. the correlation between economic freedom and prosperity is stunningly high, with more freedom translating into greater per capita income:The broad consensus, supported by volumes of research, is that vibrant and lasting economic growth is achievable only when governments adopt economic policies that increase individual choice and opportunity, empowering and encouraging entrepreneurship.for an example of how americans used to come together to help each other without the assistance of the state, see david beito, from mutual aid to the welfare state: fraternal societies and social services, 1890–1967 (chapel hill: university of north carolina press, 2000). growing statism and the country’s catastrophic fiscal situation threaten the former, while the welfare state, the erosion of a work culture, the collapse of the family, and the failures of the public education system undermine the latter. this leaves the future open to radicals and de-constructionists like alinsky who have made a definitive break with the past..As a purely statistical matter, perhaps this assessment is accurate. the american dream is first and foremost about the very real opportunities afforded to all. this procedure is often referred to as the constitution's contingent election procedure. after all, the united states, with its unique electoral college, ranks 31st out of 34 developed countries in regards to voter turnout (cohen). the former is a moral imperative and a requirement of just government. horowitz' excellent recently published pamphlet "barack obama's rules for revolution: the alinsky model" offers keen insights into alinsky and what it might mean when alinsky followers are in positions of power. the language of the article is plain, and admits of no doubt in its interpretation. this shattering of old orders is completely revolutionary and destructive as the past is therefore inherently unworthy because it cannot be trusted (myth and history are the same). that we understand the twin pillars on which the american dream rests (the left-hand side of the equation), we can turn to its promise (the right-hand side of the equation). revolutionary catechism, bakunin argues that equality shouldn’t mean “the leveling of individual differences,” which, rather than being problematic, constitute “the abundance of humanity. racial minorities tend to face disadvantages across the board compared to white americans. it is a brute fact that may or may not be indicative of a deeper problem.. constitution requires the legislature to act "as an electoral body," which is exactly what the electoral college clauses require. these voters have a statistically higher probability of materially affecting the outcome of the election. as a former radical, i am constantly asked how radicals could hate america and why they would want to destroy a society that compared to others is tolerant, inclusive and open, and treats all people with a dignity and respect that is the envy of the world. as thomas jefferson remarked, equality of rights and “that state of property, equal or unequal, which results to every man from his own industry, or that of his father’s” go together.” it is also strongly correlated with countless other benefits for both married adults and children, from higher earnings for the former to higher high school graduation rates for the latter. must return to our roots, our moral, ethical and legal roots, constitution and bill of rights. is no utopia; those who have strived to make the impossible real, to implement their grand visions of life have been the agents of death and destruction on a scale surpassed only perhaps by islam.robert gordon and ian dew-becker, “selected issues in the rise of income inequality,” brookings papers on economic activity, no. interesting and note-worthy controversy followed, but for the purpose of this paper, what’s important is the election’s conclusion: the compromise of 1877. in november 1980, 67% of americans overall, with majorities of republicans, democrats, and independents, approved of an amendment that would change the electoral college – suggesting that the political tensions around the 2000 election heavily influenced how americans think about the electoral college (saad). is no utopia, but we shall do our best to work with the concepts of freedom and good government that jefferson, adams, franklin, washington, madison, monroe, and all the rest left to us as their legacy forever. heritage’s global index of economic freedom makes this abundantly clear. in his recent book chronicling the erosion of our founding virtues, charles murray cites the eightfold increase since 1960 in the percentage of people who qualify for federal disability benefits. as irving kristol once remarked, “poverty does not always dehumanize, and relative affluence can have its costs in human terms—costs that are actually, if often dimly, felt.“our constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. jihad and its hundreds of millions of victims is a utopian effort to bring the world out of jahiliya (non-belief, ignorance) into dar al-islam (the purview of islam's deity, allah). electoral college provides yet another benefit: it reduces the incidence of fraud and error. even worse, the primary incentive created by the district plan is an increased motivation for gerrymandering. as paul ryan emphasized in a speech at the heritage foundation:Telling americans they are stuck in their current station in life, that they are victims of circumstances beyond their control, and that government’s role is to help them cope with it—well, that’s not who we are. one problem with inequality measurements is that they provide only a snapshot at one point in time. the actual 1992 election -- even with all the disincentives inherent in the electoral college system -- perot received 18. there are broadly agreed upon standards of what a decent life looks like, and while these standards will change over time and vary by country—indoor plumbing is no longer considered a luxury item in the u. either way, the rise in income inequality has not led to a decrease in mobility. each state therefore automatically receives a minimum of three votes, as it is entitled to at least two senators and one congressman, regardless of population. this means that institutions must be brought down because stability is seen as immoral in this amoral worldview. rise in income inequality has not been orchestrated but is the result of changes in the economy and in the structure of the family."all life is warfare, and it's the continuing fight against the status quo that revitalizes society, stimulates new values and gives man renewed hope of eventual progress.timothy noah, the great divergence: america’s growing inequality crisis and what we can do about it (new york: bloomsbury press, 2012), p. changes to the electoral college:It’s worth noting that many, if not most, of the electoral college’s problems are the result of the winner-take-all system, which isn’t an inherent part of the electoral college. the country is given a clear set of problems to resolve one way or another before moving on to a definitive election outcome -- much as it knew in 2000 that the election would be certain once florida's disputes were resolved. neither can any system eradicate the tendency of some dishonest individuals to cheat. other electoral college opponents deem even the small remaining possibility of a "popular vote loser" president to be unacceptable.
How American Politics Became So Ineffective - The Atlantic
interesting twist to the arguments raised by electoral college critics focuses on the reality that even if small states benefit from the electoral college, they do so at the expense of the individuals who reside in small states. by property rights, we do not mean the static and uneven distribution of “stuff” in society. economist robert barro concludes: “for richer countries, active income redistribution appears to involve a tradeoff between the benefits of greater equality and a reduction in overall economic growth. 12, “the assiduous merchant, the laborious husbandman, the active mechanic, and the industrious manufacturer, all orders of men look forward with eager expectation and growing alacrity to this pleasing reward of their toils. this complaint can be confusing because it sounds like the opposite of another complaint -- that the two vote add-on for small states (giving all a "guaranteed minimum" of three electoral votes) creates a bias in their favor.” she went on, saying, “true civilization is to be measured by the individual, the unit of all social life; by his individuality and the extent to which it is free to have its being to grow and expand unhindered by invasive and coercive authority. the story of that election is still fresh in our memory. growth of multimedia platforms such as cable television, itunes, and the internet has also increased wages to those at the top of their profession. having a theological bent might ask where saul alinsky is now. the amorality and moral degradation of utopianism is one of our greatest threats. there is not just one dwindling pie to be divided up among the population, but rather a proven recipe to grow the pie to serve everyone. states (whether by referenda or other means) may certainly delegate legislative power to citizens for state purposes, but they may not delegate the state legislature's constitutionally mandated duties in the national presidential election process. a legislature was then the representative body which made the laws of the people. and the electoral college is inexcusably unfair, regardless of race. a constitutional amendment requires ratification by three-quarters of the states – some of which benefit from the electoral college – so it doesn’t seem likely that smaller states will gleefully give up power for the sake of democracy (landy). on the left will, of course, readily acknowledge these problems, but their proposed solution—more funding—completely misses the mark. the “work is for suckers” mentality is no longer confined to a few marginal huck finns. the founders could not have foreseen the rapid technological advancements, massive federal bureaucracy, and increasingly populist attitudes that characterize american life today. however, if one state acting on its own (particularly a small state) were to enact a proportional method of allocating electoral votes, the primary effect of its action would be to significantly dilute its voting strength as compared to the other states because no presidential candidate will spend much time in a state in which he is likely to influence only one swing electoral vote. also show that the negative effects of being raised in a single-parent home are not confined to childhood: they continue into adulthood and thus have far-reaching implications for economic mobility."if the radicals' utopia were actually possible, it would be criminal not to deceive, lie, and murder to advance the radical cause which is, in effect, a redemption of mankind. see this trend toward moderation and a two-party system as a liability., nechayev wasn’t worried about the post-revolution world: “any future organization will undoubtedly take shape through the movement and life of our people, but that is a task for future generations. convince congress and his fellow americans to join him, president johnson offered the promise of a society in which all could realize their full potential in the pursuit of the american dream:The war on poverty is not a struggle simply to support people, to make them dependent on the generosity of others. the result of income taxes and government transfers is to lower the poverty rate and make the distribution of income more equal because the largest anti-poverty programs consist of non-cash benefits. in all, this erosion of our culture of work may make for funnier television and movies, but it effectively saps the vigor of countless americans. her book my disillusionment in russia, goldman acknowledged that, “the ultimate end of all revolutionary social change is to establish the sanctity of human life, the dignity of man, the right of every human being to liberty and wellbeing. views of electoral college:While the electoral college generally seems to unfairly discriminate against racial minorities and unfairly benefits small states, its effect on political parties isn’t as straightforward."32 james madison agreed, speaking of the "honorable determination which animates every votary of freedom to rest all our political experiments on the capacity of mankind for self-government. that same constitution explicitly designates each state's legislature as the entity with authority to decide the manner of appointing electors. yet the electoral college has shown an amazing ability to adapt to modern-day america. if a state's delegation is evenly divided, that state cannot vote until and unless the tie is broken. the left’s new american dream is first and foremost about all that the federal government must do to create opportunity and ensure that incomes are distributed more equitably. this indicates that fathers bring home more than just a paycheck. "`[t]he genius of the present [electoral college] system,'" a 1970 senate report concluded, "`is the genius of a popular democracy organized on the federal principle. in retrospect one can speculate that alinsky learned a great deal about pressure and intimidation from his friends in the chicago mob. line of reasoning, while seemingly persuasive, is not supported by the facts. part ii of this report, we will see how the data on economic mobility confirm that america for the most part continues to deliver on its promise of opportunity.“…who is to know where mythology leaves off and history begins – or which is which…”. the constitution provides for a presidential election among the states, rather than among individuals. these people are supposedly unable to work, but this huge increase has occurred despite great advances in medical care and in spite of technological innovations that have made work easier and the workplace safer. as rector explains:When compared to children in intact married homes, children raised by single parents are more likely to have emotional and behavioral problems; be physically abused; smoke, drink, and use drugs; be aggressive; engage in violent, delinquent, and criminal behavior; have poor school performance; be expelled from school; and drop out of high school. other electoral college critics dismiss the district plan, arguing that the plan fails to address the "problem" of a popular vote winner failing to win the presidency. not only was kramer unemployed, but he never even looked for a job (although he did pretend to work in the “bizarro” episode). furthermore, these workers are disproportionately likely to be high school dropouts, minority, or female.luigi zingales, a capitalism for the people (new york: basic books, 2012), pp. since when do we in america accept this alien and discredited theory of social and class warfare? peasants toiled, tradesmen labored, but gentlemen did neither: they were at leisure. the lost jobs, there is the cost of complying with all of the red tape.chul-in lee and gary solon, “trends in intergenerational mobility,” the review of economics and statistics, vol. i want every man to have the chance—and i believe a black man is entitled to it—in which he can better his condition—when he may look forward and hope to be a hired laborer this year and the next, work for himself afterward, and finally to hire men to work for him! problem with the alinsky method is that the end game is amorphous; the end game is the acquisition of power but little is said of what to do with that power once acquired. president barack obama, for example, has linked the rise in inequality to a decline in opportunity:This kind of gaping inequality gives [the] lie to the promise that’s at the very heart of america: that this is a place where you can make it if you try…. our purpose as citizens should be to constantly improve it and aspire to perfect it knowing that absolute perfection is impossible., in short, is what sets the stage for the american dream—however one may define it. it is imperative that we understand what it promises to deliver, as well as the economic principles and the cultural framework that sustain it. the divide is not over whether to help the poor, but over how to approach life. this is due in no small part to the overall rise in standards of living that benefits all citizens in free-market societies. the wealth of nations, adam smith distinguishes the “inequalities arising from the nature of the employments themselves” from the “inequalities occasioned by the policy of europe. in this election, each state is granted a certain number of representatives, called electors, to cast votes on its behalf. would argue that the electoral college, by enabling candidates to essentially ignore racial minorities, discourages politicians from adequately addressing their problems and concerns. we must see ourselves in an historical context which the harvard and yale dhimmis in positions of authority will not. the best poor man’s country is the title of a history of southeastern pennsylvania by james t. americans are a people of morality and strong beliefs of our place on this planet and in history." greater voter participation would result, they argue, because every voter would feel that his vote counts. the size of the country, the effects and costs of all of these laws and regulations are diffuse, and the average citizen is unlikely to notice them.. for a discussion of the discrepancy that typically exists between popular vote totals and electoral college vote totals, see id., yes, it’s technically true that people in smaller states, regardless of race, are at an advantage because of the electoral college, it also happens that the over-represented smaller states are disproportionately white. of the plethora of statistics linking the collapse of the family to a host of social ills, one in particular stands out: being raised in a married family reduces a child’s probability of living in poverty by about 80 percent. it is an amazingly powerful format, and the method of my late father always works to get the message out and get the supporters on board. the collapse of the family has had much more far-reaching consequences for the civic health of america than have the country’s current fiscal woes., in practice, it just so happens that our democracy still discriminates against the very same minority groups that have been oppressed throughout our country’s history. lee, “wage inequality in the united states during the 1980s: rising dispersion or falling minimum wage? "people power" is another way to say the rule of the people, and not elites or institutions or representatives. lack of parental work, for example, is one of the major causes of child poverty.
Defending the Dream: Why Income Inequality Doesn't Threaten
some left-leaning economists argue that since members of the middle class have seen their earnings power and income stagnate, they are consuming more only by falling further into debt. to quote frederick douglass once more, “opportunity is important but exertion is indispensable.” his method: go after “the causes, not the just the consequences of poverty.” bakunin warns against nechayev’s approach, which doesn’t seem to “accept in all sincerity the idea that it is a servant and a helper, but never a commander of the people, never under any pretext its manager, not even under the pretext of the people’s welfare. the point is not to abolish all welfare; as yuval levin argues, we can have welfare programs without a welfare state. as abraham lincoln explained in contrasting the free-market system to the slave economy in the lead-up to the civil war:When one starts poor, as most do in the race of life, free society is such that he knows he can better his condition; he knows that there is no fixed condition of labor, for his whole life. effect of the south’s disenfranchisement of african americans had political repercussions: because republicans could gain enough votes outside of the south to be able to gain control of the national government, they had no motivation to appeal to black southerners for their support (valelly, 136). maine and nebraska each give two electoral votes to the winner of the state's popular vote and select the remaining electors by congressional district.. based on what he described as his reading of the gospels and the treatment of black americans. in real life, a person’s income will vary depending on whether he is studying, working, or retired. (additionally, it should be noted that this issue is a part of the complex and vast problem of well-funded special interests unfairly influencing our government. the answer to the this question is that radicals are not comparing america to other real world societies. with only about half of what is now spent on welfare, we could give enough money to every impoverished man, woman, and child to lift them above the poverty line." the promotion of socialism though socialized medicine, the constant bowing to foreign leaders, and apologizing for american actions across the world and a new detente with traditional enemies and abandonment of and hostility to traditional friends is evidence that agitation and de-construction is the goal of the present administration.” anarchism meant that to me, and i would live it in spite of the whole world — prisons, persecution, everything. if these standards could be met, voting was quite an expensive and time-consuming hassle, which would discourage voter turnout in and of itself. this method has already been accepted by the supreme court, and generally hasn’t had much of an impact historically (hoffman, 1012). (the other is national security, without which there can be no economy. such abysmal scores, is it any surprise that a quarter of all students never complete high school?“over and over again, the firebrand revolutionary freedom fighter is the first to destroy the rights and even the lives of the next generation of rebels. like the sea, we are constantly rising above, and returning to, the common level. as the great apostle of upward mobility frederick douglass explained in his praise of self-made men, “opportunity is important but exertion is indispensable. as a statistical matter, however, the advantage plays in favor of the state as a whole, rather than the individual voter.” emma goldman, who was influenced by bakunin, understood this point even more clearly after she witnessed the actual revolution in russia."thus alinsky begins his text by telling readers exactly what a radical is. it is therefore imperative that the american dream be rescued from those who would so radically redefine it. has no goal but endless strife, “the struggle is the victory itself,” as he says. this magnification effect increases dramatically as popular vote totals spread apart. the honor accorded to work caught the eye of alexis de tocqueville during his visit to america:The idea of work as a necessary, natural, and honest condition of humanity is therefore offered to the human mind on every side. of course, it’s worth noting that the electoral college was never meant to be democratic. addition, snapshots of income distribution are problematic because they compare people who are in different stages of their lives with one another. grew up in chicago in a very poor jewish family in the early part of the century. united states was founded upon the concept that “the people” rule not the elites; that is why there are checks and balances built into our system of government. when executed meticulously and thoughtfully, it is a powerful strategy for initiating change and making it really happen..Another problem created by the district plan is that it diverts attention from statewide and national issues. as married fathers disappeared from the home, the need for more welfare to support single mothers increased. lincoln’s wise words, although spoken before an agricultural fair, apply just as well to life in general:Some of you will be successful, and such will need but little philosophy to take them home in cheerful spirits; others will be disappointed, and will be in a less happy mood. the greatest concentration of black americans is in the former confederacy, where they make up 20 to 37 percent of the population, the winner-take-all system leaves black americans essentially without a vote (edwards, 140). in emphasizing the importance of a culture of work, we are not downplaying the equal importance of the principles of economic freedom; given the contemporary prejudice against things that cannot be measured, we simply aim to remind readers that getting the economic principles right is only half the battle. recent history would suggest that this influence is just short of catastrophic. for context, hispanic voters are also generally loyal democrats, but not to the same level as african-americans (hoffman, 1004)." a vote for ross perot is a vote for bill clinton, voters were told. “america is the land of labour,” explained benjamin franklin in a famous letter addressed to prospective immigrants. seeing how prone the human mind is to error, we ought not to be too quick to assume that the failures of some amount to an indictment of the system. america is not the land of the get-rich-quick schemer or of the lifelong dependent ward of the state (though both may well exist). free-market economics is not about dividing up a dwindling pie, but expanding the pie to serve everyone. during the first half of the 20th century, the electoral college gave an advantage to the republican party (enten).” the society of revolutionaries “has only one aim-the total emancipation and happiness of the people, that is, the common laborers. the main focus is almost always the fact that disparities in income are more pronounced today than they were in the 1970s. amorality is fundamental to alinsky and to his followers; an ideology that justifies the abandonment of morality and ethics is attractive to many – to the detriment of us all. recent elections, the republicans have consistently won the south, though democrats still often receive over 35 percent of the vote in the region (enten). all that economic freedom can do is set “commerce at perfect liberty” and create the conditions for prosperity. working has never been easy, but it is one thing to wail about having to “work for the man” and putting in your “nine to five” and quite another to dismiss workers as chumps and celebrate the lifestyle of the hustler and the thug. first, this simplified account leaves out the other great benefit that the founders anticipated their commercial republic would bring: general prosperity and an increase in the standard of living of all. what property rights ensure is that whatever your calling, you will be entitled to the fruits of your labor.” not only are the current deficits, the debt, and the entitlements on track to bankrupt the country within two generations, but the numbers themselves are so large—so far beyond what we are capable of processing as human beings—that the comparison with the infinite droplets of a sea is particularly fitting. for example, in 1948, strom thurmond ran as a dixiecrat because the staunch segregationist opposed the more integrated policies of president truman; and in 1964, thurmond even switched over to the gop because of his opposition to the 1964 civil rights act., “all of us driven by a simple belief that the world as it is just won’t do – that we have an obligation to fight for the world as it should be. while the house of representatives is relatively proportional (because it’s based on population), the fact that each state has two senators (regardless of its population) means that smaller states are over-represented, while bigger states are under-represented (kimberling). a recent economic study examining the link between higher inequality and financial panics concluded: “we find very little evidence linking credit booms and financial crises to rising inequality. americans have read alinsky's books and understand his methods; this is excellent as so few read mein kampf, and fewer still have read the koran, sira, and hadith. is not a world of global fellowship, and disarmament and universal goodwill. america's presidential election process preserves federalism, prevents chaos, grants definitive electoral outcomes, and prevents tyrannical or unreasonable rule.’s modest but important role leaves much room for citizens to exert their talents in the pursuit of happiness, but such a government, as calvin coolidge once remarked, “cannot relieve from toil”: “the people cannot look to legislation generally for success." horowitz understands what few do not: alinsky was a nihilist. for example, former congressman ron paul, while controversial to many people, fully deserves praise for refusing to give in to lobbyists – as the notorious jack abramoff has explained. all markets need rules—pure laissez-faire economics is a myth. united states is quickly approaching its first presidential election since the eventful election of 2000. critics of capitalism are fond of depicting free markets in such straw-man terms./24/2017parliament can’t simply demand people feel good about islam. eight years later, this magnification effect worked in favor of nixon. system of democracy based upon our constitution must be slowly and continually perfected, but not de-constructed or destroyed. the number of people and counting different forms of income has a substantial effect on the distribution of income..Today, both the electoral and the popular votes must be extremely close before voting disputes and recounts are threatened. the following sections, we look at this equation more closely.
Obama college thesis constitution is inherently flawed-Barack Obama's Columbia University Thesis
Saul Alinsky and the Rise of Amorality in American Politics > Dl Adams
 but the self-reliant man will always aspire to stand on his own two feet. in his own mind the radical is building his own kingdom, which to him is a kingdom of heaven on earth. a survey of the threats to the american dream as cursory as this one should impress upon the reader the enormity of the challenge we face. we then contrast the true promise of the american dream—opportunity and prosperity—with the egalitarian pipe dreams that some liberals have tried to substitute for it. it does so in two major ways: by undermining the family and discouraging work. consistently wide margins of victory in the electoral college have come about despite the fact that the margin between the top two candidates in the popular vote was less than 10 percent in 14 of the 26 elections held since 1900. the burden of proof should always be on those who claim that some new program is worth the investment. excessive focus on the 1 percent of income earners is particularly reflective of a certain mindset. incremental changes can be difficult or simply too slow, and because the constitution isn’t as clear as it should be on the topic, i would suggest a constitutional amendment that would dismantle the electoral college and replace it with a national popular vote. after all, there is more to life than material well-being and economic success. just days after the supreme court’s decision resulted in bush’s victory, gallup found that 75 percent of democrats favored amending the constitution to replace the electoral college with a popular vote, compared to only 41 percent of republicans who favored replacing the electoral college (saad). unions can elevate pay for their members, but they do this by locking out other potential workers. the profound disagreement is over how to speak, not whether to act. the previously mentioned strom thurmond is an example of a ‘dixiecrat’ switching to the republican party in the 1960s, largely because of the civil rights act of 1964.see the first section of part iii of this report. self-reliance is not about what you receive from others or what you in turn give: it is about what you expect from the world and how you view your role in shaping your life. this sense, equality of opportunity is a necessary extension of the principle of equality at the heart of the declaration of independence. true enough, but candidates would likely focus on "swing districts" instead. ("each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of senators and representatives to which the state may be entitled in the congress. each state except maine and nebraska currently uses a "winner-take-all" system, whereby the presidential candidate winning the state's popular vote is awarded the state's entire slate of electors.’s worldview is built then on new knowledge only and experience as the old cannot be known or trusted. christmas approaches, i often get caught up in my desire for material things, and i lose sight of what really matters. it is not a dream of motor cars and high wages merely, but a dream of social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable, and be recognized by others for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous circumstances of birth or position. the result of the rejection of the past and of knowledge can best be seen in pol pot’s cambodia where knowledge and wisdom and those who possessed such things were destroyed to make way for the revolutionary utopia of the khmer rouge. see paul krugman, “for richer: how the permissive capitalism of the boom destroyed american equality,” new york times magazine, october 20, 2002, pp. in this essay, i hope to show that the electoral college is inherently flawed; that it’s especially unfair for racial minorities; and that it has enabled, if not encouraged, further racial inequality.” it is no surprise that they have been deeply involved in voter fraud and other nefarious practices.. 2 the debates in the several state conventions, on the adoption of the federal constitution, as recommended by the general convention at philadelphia, in 1787, at 253 (jonathan elliot ed. even those who fail to take advantage of the opportunities afforded by this country or who do not succeed in their ventures will still benefit from the general prosperity generated by the american commercial republic. is one glaring problem with this approach: in and of itself, income inequality is meaningless.some will, of course, inherit their parents’ wealth, but the practice of primogeniture was abolished early on in america. however, these proponents make the mistake of assuming that they can change one factor while leaving all other dynamics unchanged.” our constitution creates a federated republic in which congress is tasked only with certain specific and enumerated powers (article i, section 8). in 2000, 2004, and 2008, for example, four of the five largest and most racially diverse states (california, texas, new york, and illinois) were largely ignored by presidential candidates since those states weren’t seen as competitive (edwards). he is not a reformer of the system but its would-be destroyer. the american people expected hope and change, as that is what they voted for but what they really wanted was stability and prosperity. [a] third of uninsured workers earn within of the minimum wage and therefore have a higher risk of losing their jobs because of an employer mandate. renounce your system and you will become a valuable man; if, however, you do not wish to renounce it you will certainly become a harmful militant, highly destructive not to the state but to the cause of liberty. ross is a lawyer in texas and the author of enlightened democracy: the case for the electoral college (world ahead publishing, november 2004). and because of the two votes resulting from the senators-bump, maine’s votes are still unfairly over-represented in the electoral college. this essay, i will discuss sergey nechayev, a russian revolutionary, and his late 1860s work the catechism of the revolutionary. indeed, james madison, delegate from virginia, argued that unfettered majorities such as those found in pure democracies tend toward tyranny. even critics of the free market seem to acknowledge this much when they turn away from justice to “fairness” or coin terms like “social justice” to justify their ambitious redistributionist schemes. hence our efforts to recover the true promise of america and expose the egalitarian and statist underpinnings of the left’s new “american dream., the electoral college’s issues aren’t new by any means; in the mid-19th century, senator charles sumner argued that the electoral college was “artificial, cumbrous, radically defective and unrepublican” (keyssar). the past, americans had been less divided on the issue. under the proportional plan, the electoral college would be retained, but the electoral votes in each state would be allocated based upon the percentage of the popular vote won.'s book, "rules for radicals," published in 1971 still has enormous effects on our country today.. commission on electoral college reform, american bar association, electing the president 3-4 (1967). am proud to see that my father's model for organizing is being applied successfully beyond local community organizing to affect the democratic campaign in 2008. subsidies, which have no place in a free-market system, form a basic staple of crony capitalism, as do waivers and bailouts. you have enjoyed this article and want to read more by d. issue, rather, is how we as a culture speak about life and work: will we speak of opportunity and exhort people to pull themselves up by their bootstraps, work hard, and give it all they have, or will we sap their spirits by emphasizing all that is unfair in life and channel their energies toward demanding more from others? hold this legacy as a great responsibility to ourselves and to future generations. economic well-being is a crucial component of most people’s conception of the good life, but it is not exhaustive." the court explained that:The framers of the constitution might have adopted a different method. a similar procedure is employed for election of the vice president, except that each senator is granted one vote and only the top two vice presidential candidates from the electoral vote are candidates in the senate vote. electoral college undoubtedly operates in a different society from the one that existed in 1787. consumption is a better measure of well-being than income because it measures goods acquired and used, such as food, clothing, housing, and health care. feel that such arrangements are unfair is to recognize that property rights and free markets are fundamentally just. could it be that the electoral college, although once an ingenious solution to many 18th century problems, has today become merely an anachronism -- and a potentially dangerous one at that? other states have discussed using this method, and there’s a national movement to get enough states (which would add up to a majority of the electoral college) to determine their votes based on the national popular vote, rather than state-by-state. for the left, it largely boils down to income inequality—or, to be more precise, the rise in income inequality in recent decades. the district plan would award electoral votes based upon congressional district. in vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens. general issues with the electoral college:Additionally, because the electors are based on representation, voter turnout has no role in the election (keyssar). america's presidential election system should encourage national coalition building, and campaigning by districts would certainly work toward this goal. the low-income children trapped in america’s failing public schools, “the world is a cold, heartless place because they’ve been given the short end of the stick and they don’t why. horowitz recently published a small but insightful pamphlet on alinsky and "rules for radicals. this is a philosophy of a great cosmic vacuum in which stability and quality are sucked up forever until there is only "struggle. all life is warfare, and it's the continuing fight against the status quo that revitalizes society, stimulates new values and gives man renewed hope of eventual progress. in this secondary election, the house selects a president and the senate selects a vice president.. although some early legislatures did select the presidential electors themselves, all states and the district of columbia now hold popular elections for president. beyond the threat to opportunity and economic mobility, the increase in inequality also harms economic growth, according to economist joseph stiglitz. for an excellent defense of the alternative to the modern administrative state when it comes to crafting and implementing social and economic regulations, see joseph postell, “regulation, administration, and the rule of law in the early republic,” in freedom and the rule of law, ed.
Politics | Mac McCann
by 2043, the majority of americans will no longer be non-hispanic whites. an american, embarrassed by his pecuniary circumstances, can hardly be prevailed upon to ask or accept the assistance of his own relations; and will, in many instances, scorn to have recourse to his own parents. the electoral college system, when combined with the winner-take-all rule, tends to magnify the margin of victory, giving the victor a certain and demonstrable election outcome. the electoral college thus prevents the votes of african americans in these states from contributing to the national totals of the democratic candidate” (edwards, 141). it would be much easier for americans to vote for politicians who won’t submit to lobbyists than to expect our current politicians to make the practice illegal.chulhee lee, “rising family inequality in the united states, 1968 to 2000: impacts of changing labor supply, wages and family structure,” national bureau of economic research working paper no. in fact, the influence of the capone gang on alinsky is substantial and lasted for more than two years. that all men and women possess an equal right to liberty is one of the great self-evident truths proclaimed by the declaration of independence, and the constitution promises to “secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity. rise of kramer and george are in fact part of a much larger phenomenon: the erosion of our culture of work. america is “the best poor man’s country” since it provides even the poorest with a way out of poverty. we deem it right for the government to intervene, the next step is not to yell “let’s do it!. 355 (1932), it carefully reiterated its conclusion that the legislature means only the legislature when the u. to leave it at that, however, would fail to do full justice to the promise of america. i venture somewhat further, and hesitate not to affirm that if the manner of it be not perfect, it is at least excellent.it goes without saying that in the cases where they were wronged, a legal remedy is to be sought. in 2004, west virginia is no longer considered a safe state for democrats. for example, students consume far more than their income allow because their consumption is more aligned with their lifetime earnings instead of their earnings when they are full-time students. while conservatives still consider the traditional promise of opportunity and upward mobility to be at the heart of the american dream, liberals have subtly redefined it along egalitarian and statist lines. it is an effort to allow them to develop and use their capacities, as we have been allowed to develop and use ours, so that they can share, as others share, in the promise of this nation. century or so ago, there arose in america a new theory of government called progressivism. furthermore, research has found that a state’s competitiveness and voting rights enforcement activity were positively and significantly related during the late nineteenth century – as edwards put it, “the noncompetitive solid south provided little incentive to enforce the franchise for african american voters” (edwards). many other studies that use a variety of consumption and income data have not found this corresponding increase in consumption inequality. a new argument is that the increase in inequality reduces economic growth. if no candidate wins a majority of the electoral college vote, the constitution provides a backup method for presidential selection. part of this wide gap is due to the fact that families in the bottom fifth have more retirees, who have less income because they have no earnings, but part of it is likely due simply to the fact that idleness has been destigmatized in america. recent evidence suggests that absolute mobility is still strong for the current younger working generation as compared to their parents. two other proposals are also worthy of discussion: (1) the "district plan" would award electoral votes by congressional district, rather than by state; and (2) the "proportional plan" would divide states' electoral votes proportionally, according to the popular vote outcome within the state. alinsky, “rules for radicals,” chapter 2:“the means-and-ends moralists, constantly obsessed with the ethics of the means used by the have-nots against the haves, should search themselves as to their real political position., the electoral college: an overview and analysis of reform proposals 17-18 (2001) (reporting the arguments of district plan proponents). is making a strong case in this quote for the abandonment of morals and ethics as nothing but impediments to political success.! not transient and fitful effort, but patient, enduring, honest, unremitting and indefatigable work into which the whole heart is put, and which, in both temporal and spiritual affairs, is the true miracle worker. social reason is that family demographics have changed over the past several decades.. maine adopted its district plan in 1969, putting it into effect for the first time during the 1972 presidential election. two generations after johnson’s speech, having spent such extraordinary sums of money, it is reasonable to ask how close we are to fulfilling lbj’s goal of an america in which poverty has been eradicated. mode of appointment of the chief magistrate of the united states is almost the only part of the system .” this cannot be overemphasized, given how successful the left has been in framing the debate as one that pits compassionate liberals against heartless conservatives. stated it this way:[in a pure democracy], [a] common passion or interest will, in almost every case, be felt by a majority of the whole; a communication and concert results from the form of government itself; and there is nothing to check the inducements to sacrifice the weaker party or an obnoxious individual. the war on poverty created a destructive feedback loop: welfare undermined marriage, and this generated a need for more welfare. the idea of fighting for the sake of fighting itself is morally depraved. licensing requirements, for example, restrict opportunity by closing off to newcomers otherwise lucrative professions that require little training or education. live in a time of unprecedented domestic upheaval and not any that has been brought upon us by circumstances or international conflagrations but because our alinsky-influenced, post-modern leadership believes that conflict and struggle is the path to human evolution.” the former, which include the agreeableness or disagreeableness of the profession and the difficulty and expense of learning it, are inevitable and meant to offset certain other costs. regrettably, however, the correlation between spending and achievement is basically nil. originalism revolution turns 30: evaluating its impact and future influence on the law. while many of these negative outcomes are associated with the higher poverty rates of single mothers, in many cases, the improvements in child well-being that are associated with marriage persist even after adjusting for differences in family income. as former clinton adviser william galston summed it up, “you need only do three things in this country to avoid poverty—finish high school, marry before having a child, and marry after the age of 20. in the high-income third of the population, children are raised by married parents with a college education; in the bottom-income third, children are raised by single parents with a high school degree or less. we can tackle that monumental task and change the country’s course, however, we must drive home the point to the american people that we have a spending problem and that our unsustainable entitlement promises threaten to drive the country’s finances into the ground. the spirited, entrepreneurial and determinedly self-reliant citizens envisioned by the founders of our constitutional republic would give way to timid and envious clients who increasingly turn to an omnipotent state for their well-being., acorn employees attempted to assist two young people who wanted to start an illegal sex business; unfortunately for the acorn people the two entrepreneurs were actually conservative activists who had filmed the entire encounter..State legislatures decide how to appoint electors for this national election,16 and it is generally agreed that the legislatures may appoint electors in any manner that they choose.we will return to this erosion of the culture of work in part iii..; it still is in somalia—they are not defined in relation to how much the richest 1 percent of the country earn.. constitution,9 which was adopted and ratified by the states in 1804. but while the minimum wage may have contributed to a growth in inequality between the bottom and the middle in the 1980s, it is not seen as the primary factor., we cannot afford to lose sight of the cultural underpinnings of the american dream: a culture that celebrates industriousness, exhorts all to work hard, scorns dependence on government, and disparages indolence. they fail to plan ahead and are surprised by unforeseen exigencies. a state’s members of the house and the senate determine their number of electors (along with three electors for the district of columbia). the claim that we now live in a “new gilded age” has become a staple of liberal discourse. for example, in february, the new york times wrote: “a top aide to a republican congressman from arizona helped promote a legislative plan to overhaul the nation’s home mortgage finance system. if we are, as we should be, concerned with mobility and prosperity, then income inequality is a red herring. orazio attanasio, erik hurst, and luigi pistaferri, for example, argue that consumption inequality increases as fast as income. as texas a&m professor george edward put it, “the electoral college thus discourages attention to the interests of african americans because they are unlikely to shift the outcome in a state as a whole” (edwards, 142). president does not appear to be seriously interested in war in iraq or afghanistan, these are but distractions to the main issue which is the homeland. income equality, or a state approaching it, could be achieved only through draconian redistribution, thereby denying many the just fruits of their labors and unjustly giving others unearned rewards. "rules for radicals" is dedicated to lucifer, the rebel against god's rule and great destroyer of christian ideology. structural reason is that the rewards to education and skill have increased dramatically. obama had learned his father’s "radical lessons," we should not be so sanguine. essentially characterizes the self-reliant man is a moral outlook that links rewards to individual effort and values what arthur brooks calls “earned success”—with an emphasis on earned.” unfortunately, this utopianism has been the foundation of several über-violent movements of the last century which have resulted in over 100 million deaths. the 2016 presidential election coming up, it’s worth taking another look into the electoral college – one of the most obviously flawed aspects of our system government. but what it has left as a legacy for this country is a disaster as alinsky’s followers took this abandonment of morals and ethics as a serious lesson; nothing is excluded as far as tactics and strategy are concerned - this is the lesson of the “professor. a majority, 56 percent, of republicans actually favored keeping the electoral college (saad). alinsky was a utopian dreamer who turned his formidable intellect to de-construction and removed morality from the equation for operational purposes. founders spent months of extensive deliberation on the topic of presidential election: they deemed it one of the most difficult issues facing the convention.
American exceptionalism - Wikipedia
speaking about an ohio plan that would allow the people to act in place of the legislature for certain purposes related to ratifying constitutional amendments, the court observed in 1920 that the founders wrote the constitutional language based upon their wish to "secur[e] deliberation and consideration before any change [to the constitution] can be proposed. he feels responsible for his success, not entitled to it. under the electoral college system, however, they have the least incentive or need to cheat for their presidential candidate. is no utopia but the one that we aspire to here with the superb tools which were left to us by our founders. a certain sense, the first threat to the american dream comes from those who would redefine it as a government-backed promise that we will all succeed equally. how intriguing, then, that across the ideological spectrum, everyone agrees that the american dream—an idea central to our country’s self-understanding—is under threat., the electoral college is inherently unfair, regardless of whom it puts at a disadvantage. over time, candidates would become more and more extreme and uncompromising. members of congress have experience in government and have a lot of great access and connections with powerful people – which is obviously ideal for groups looking to hire someone to help their cause. the result of the denial of history is the denial of learning, because no existing knowledge can be trusted. suddenly, winning 100 percent of the votes is better than winning 50. many on the left—particularly the occupy wall street movement—confuse the two, free-market economics could not be more different from crony capitalism.” the alinsky end game is likely a global utopia in which the “people” have “power. it is one thing to shoulder a higher tax burden to support those in need and quite another to do so in order for self-anointed experts to redistribute income in accordance with their hazy and unjust notions of social justice. as home depot co-founder bernie marcus, who famously said that his business would never have succeeded in today’s suffocating regulatory climate, explains:Every regulation, every city, every state…and the federal government, all piled on, regulations, one on top of the other, that are promoted by the bureaucracies, and they all think that they’re doing good things. america, as already noted, promises endless opportunity and general prosperity. has a supporting role to play for this dream to come true. fact that our current president and secretary of state (wannabe president hillary clinton), are followers of alinsky is beyond disturbing. from this state flows a torrent of laws and regulations that impose heavy compliance costs (that are, of course, passed on to consumers) and often create barriers to the market by artificially protecting the entrenched players and denying entry to newcomers. the message is that the united states is corrupt and must be de-constructed so that the power can rest with the people. in a certain sense, this is a rather modest promise. however, since the concept of destroying the institutions of society specifically to "empower" people is foundational, this is the same message of marx. factor that has played a role in higher wages for high-skilled individuals is performance pay.” james truslow adams, the epic of america (new york: taylor & francis, 1938), p. obama is at war, but not in the way that you might expect. under the liberal conception of the state, government exists not to secure our rights—that is, to protect our existing property and create the conditions that allow us to profit from our work—but rather to redistribute property more equitably. but the truth of the matter is they’re stymieing the businesses. we decide to help and expand opportunities for some, we should remember that not every social ailment is a responsibility of the government, much less the federal government. the wake of an unacceptable number of school shootings, the country is in agreement that something must be done. of the forty-eight states, thirteen – or twenty-seven percent of the union – would disenfranchise african americans (valelly, 123). flood of red tape and the resulting decline in opportunity become inevitable once we accept the progressive-liberal conceit that no area of life should be off-limits to regulators and administrators. though the term “economic freedom” does not appear in the founders’ writings, it underpins their vision of a “commercial republic” and perfectly captures their overarching commitment to property rights, the rule of law, and free markets. alinsky puddle-deep “philosophy” is incredibly dangerous because it elevates “struggle” and “change” over humanity, individuals, and institutions that, while they may be flawed (but can be improved) must be destroyed simply because they are institutions. there is a growing leisure inequality gap between the top and bottom as a result in changes in hours worked. alinsky's message resonated heavily with many intellectuals and activists of the 70s and 80s including hillary clinton and barack hussein obama.“in fact, obama’s acorn connection is far more extensive. no wonder so few states have enacted anything like this before. yet there is nothing unjust about the former taking advantage of their parents’ connections to land a first job. the fact that our top political leadership has embraced this amoral set of tactics for political gain should cause all americans concern.david neumark and william wascher, “minimum wages, labor market institutions, and youth employment: a cross-national analysis,” industrial and labor relations review, vol. still, given the historical and socioeconomic context, the electoral college, from its origins and still today, is especially unfair for racial minorities.there is, of course, more to life than the marketplace, and we must be concerned about the obstacles to advancement in other areas of life. i am deeply convinced that any other revolution is dishonest, harmful, and spells death to liberty and the people., then, is the promise of the american dream: a prosperous society in which all may aspire to improve their lot.. proponents sometimes argue that the district plan would prevent campaigning from focusing on swing states. is true that the electoral college can and, at times, does help minority groups (kimberling). when a candidate ceases to adequately understand and represent one of "his" state's interests, the discontent in that state is usually expressed pretty quickly. contrast, liberalism is premised on the idea that property rights are less important than other rights and may therefore be curtailed to further other ends, such as “social justice./25/2017muslim bbc boss who put an islamic state backer on a reality show is rewarded with a promotion as she becomes head of religious tv. “in the race of life, harrison carried three hundred pounds,” vonnegut wryly writes. further, any individual disadvantage for those who reside in small states is outweighed by the larger advantage given to the state as a whole.” in such cases, the free-market system is not to be faulted. roosevelt insisted that the 1936 democratic party platform echo the language of the declaration of independence, so do today’s liberal egalitarians speak of equal opportunity and the american dream. because of the electoral college, only 538 electors – instead of “we the people” – choose the leader of the free world.'s abandonment of morality and ethics is not difficult to demonstrate. in the former confederacy, voting is very racially polarized (hoffman, 940). indeed, one has only to look to history or comparative governments to see how easily such a system could disintegrate into multi-candidate races, which would, in turn, devolve into a system of regular runoffs or fractious coalition governments. it must, for example, uphold the rule of law, secure property rights, ensure access to education, and provide a safety net for those who cannot care for themselves, but the focus remains on the individual and his efforts to rise and help those around him do the same. a recent report found that the average level of consumption for a family at the bottom is almost one-fourth of that of a family close to the top. we have not (yet) become a nation of slackers, mooches, and loafers, but america is no longer “the land of labour” where “everyone works and work leads to everything. these are the foundational texts of existential opposition to the existence of the united states in its present form. such example of national inequality is the mortality rate for black americans, which is about 18 percent higher than it is for white americans (michaels).” yes, greater economic and social equality is needed, bakunin argued, but “not by restricting what a man may acquire by his own skill, productive energy, and thrift. it is not so; not since jefferson davis has an american president been so divisive.-market capitalism generates formidable levels of wealth, and it does so by tapping into that most stable and enduring of human passions: self-interest..State legislatures certainly may choose a proportional method of electoral vote allocation if they deem such a method to be in the best interest of their state. if the referendum passes, the most likely result is a series of court challenges in colorado. state delegations may vote for any one of the top three presidential candidates in the electoral vote, and re-votes are taken until a majority is achieved. once the institutions of "oppression" that require "change" are destroyed, there is no plan delineated by alinsky (nor his current crop of followers) as to what will replace them.krueger, “the rise and consequences of inequality in the united states.” nechayev never seems to recognize the irony of his proposal – he claims to care about the people, yet treats people as mere means, who can be disposed of as necessary; he wants his revolution for the people, no matter what the people want. there is also evidence that workers who are subject to the minimum wage may have lower earnings and prospects in the future and be permanently worse-off. had this election been a direct popular election, it would have been only three percent away from triggering a runoff. according to fivethirtyeight’s harry enten, republicans “could have lost the national popular vote and won the electoral college in 12 of the 13 elections from 1900 to 1948. fact, this rejection of accepted morality means that anything goes; any "action" is acceptable if it destroys or undermines the "status quo" and brings “change.
October 2009 – The Fifth Column
believe in liberty, freedom, and tolerance, we do not believe in totalitarian barbarism like that of islam." candidates might visit only a few close districts and ignore areas considered safe. issue here is not whether to help those who are in need. ii examines the income inequality argument and shows how the recent rise in income disparities has not caused a decline in upward mobility. yet, they significantly differed on some issues, such as whether or not the ends can justify the means, and what the role individuality should play in the revolution. this perceived gulf between the 1 percent and the remaining 99 percent in turn fueled the wrath of the occupy wall street movement last year. some liberal economists like joseph stiglitz argue that inequality and the race to the top led to bad behavior in the financial industry that helped spark the “great recession. but i would imagine that goldman would be quite disillusioned by nechayev’s dehumanizing efforts toward the revolution. two factors in particular have been singled out by the left to account for the rise in inequality: the decline in unionization and the real value of the minimum wage. principle has been upheld by the supreme court in venerable old cases and some very recent decisions after the last presidential election. even when the prescriptions are clear—and in the case of the family, they are not—implementing them is never an easy task, and even successful reforms can easily be undone. seeing that the left has been subtly redefining the american dream along these lines, both these misconceptions must be dispelled..Proponents argue that the plan would preserve the states' electoral college strength, but that the results would be closer to the national popular vote outcome. so-called ‘revolving door’ between capitol hill and k street (which includes staffers as well, not just actual members of congress) is unquestionably problematic. exploiting racism has led many political victories historically, the demographics are quickly making this strategy ineffective, if not downright counterproductive. the american dream is about hard work and self-reliance, not handouts and dependence; equal opportunity, not equal results; emulating those who make it, not being envious of their success; pulling yourself up, not dragging others down. indeed, it is easy to see how equality of opportunity, when taken to this extreme, can become “a thoroughly nasty and totalitarian concept. sameness of opportunity demands that the disadvantaged be given more opportunities and that the privileged or naturally gifted be denied certain opportunities. the left’s new american dream to deliver on its promise, america would have to be completely overhauled and the character of its citizens altered. krueger, chairman of the president’s council of economic advisers, worries that our current levels of inequality restrict mobility and have turned the united states into a great gatsby society in which it will soon be almost impossible to make it to the top. of this “virtue talk” may seem out of place to those who are used to thinking about markets and the american dream in strict economic terms. is amoral political agitation that appears to be about something positive but is really about deconstruction.“since when do we in america believe that our society is made up of two diametrically opposed classes—one rich, one poor—both in a permanent state of conflict and neither able to get ahead except at the expense of the other? studies have shown—not surprisingly but nonetheless quite tragically—that welfare is increasingly intergenerational. this fundamental equality, human diversity and the vagaries of life are such that men and women are unequal in every other conceivable way. in our nation, prudent and self-reliant industriousness occupies the place that haughty pride and honor did in the aristocratic regimes of yore. furthermore, behind the charts and graphs detailing the rise in income inequality often lies an ugly animosity against the rich.. 98, 104 (2000) (per curiam) ("the individual citizen has no federal constitutional right to vote for electors for the president of the united states unless and until the state legislature chooses a statewide election as the means to implement its power to appoint members of the electoral college.., james macgregor burns, the deadlock of democracy: four-party politics in america 251 (1963), quoted in judith best, the case against direct election of the president: a defense of the electoral college 66 (1975)..Many critics dispute this description of the two types of elections. the civil war allusion to lincoln is appropriate but it is not accurate, our leadership is purposefully divisive because they are utopians first, americans second, third, or fourth, or fifth. the latter is a charitable pursuit to which some may aspire and which government is not bound to deliver. however, a direct vote system would magnify, not improve, this problem because it would encourage a focus on highly populated areas. opinion imperiously forbids many things today, including smoking and not recycling, but not working is most definitely not one of them. our donors from the uk:The constitution lays out the electoral college in article ii, section 1, though the process has been modified a bit over the years, both through constitutional amendments as well as through practice and tradition (keyssar). rather, it is to awaken them to the magnitude of the task before us. this report stops short of articulating particular policy recommendations, but some excellent work is already being done, most notably by our colleagues at the heritage foundation whose work we cited in part iii. fundamentally, the struggle to get power is the essence of alinsky, what to do with the power once acquired is another matter altogether. 717, 734 (2001) (citing rhodes cook, this just in: nixon beats kennedy, wash. we thought that we had entered a new era of openness, bi-partisanship, and post-racialism. since a kingdom of heaven built by human beings is a fantasy - and impossible dream- the radical's only real world efforts are those which are aimed at subverting the society he lives in. this national vote among the states is often referred to as the vote of the electoral college. it is a fine tribute to saul alinsky as we approach his 100th birthday. it is hard to think about moving ahead in life if you have a hard time reading and trouble counting. this, coupled with a fixation on income disparities, suggests that the “escalator of results” might be a more fitting metaphor for this new liberal dream: everyone just hops on, and we all move up to the same place without effort on our behalf. predictions of what would happen in a direct election system should assume that it is at least possible that changing the election procedure will cause more than one aspect of the political process to change. on this day, the electors cast the votes that officially determine who will be the next president of the united states. brooks, the road to freedom: how to win the fight for free enterprise (new york: basic books, 2012), esp. on the day in 1975 when his guerrilla army marched silently into the capital, phnom penh, pol pot emptied the cities, pulled families apart, abolished religion and closed schools. the idea of property is inextricably bound up with liberty and the pursuit of happiness. when the electoral college proposal was completed, they viewed it as a unique and commendable solution that would satisfy the many -- apparently contradictory -- goals of the new republic.” arguably his boldest denunciation of nechayev, bakunin wrote, “you wished, and still wish, to make your own selfless cruelty, your own truly extreme fanaticism, into a rule of common life…. the tired complaint, originating in marx, that in a capitalist economy only the wealthy own the means of production, the founders would respond that each person in fact owns the most important means of production: himself and his labor, whether physical or mental. only the electoral college preserves federalism, moderates ideological differences, and promotes national consensus in our choice of a chief executive.there is also a fourth part to the inequality argument: the various redistributionist policies put forward to address the widening gaps in income. short, all the talk these days is about rebuilding, saving, defending, or rescuing an american dream that is slipping, fading, eroding, or vanishing. nevertheless, the presidential election process devised by the framers is certainly excellent., by contrast, one in seven americans is on food stamps, and the u. see longley & peirce, supra note 35, at 106-07 (discussing the circumstances under which maine and nebraska adopted procedures for awarding electoral votes by district). conversely, countries that seek to redistribute income, often through progressive taxation, have lower economic growth as a result of the higher taxes. that so many americans know alinsky is heartening but few know the motivations behind the agitation that is so central to the alinsky method and further what it means when a professional agitator acquires the power that they claim to require. those who embrace utopianism, like saul alinsky and his followers, believe that it is real – the utopian idea is the same as the fascist, totalitarian, and communist, and islamic concept of global conquest. acorn operates on alinsky principles of immorality and total radical pragmatism, after all, they are trying to usher in the people’s utopia; why should they allow mere ethics, legalities, and other such encumbrances to interfere with their mission to save humanity from itself? proponents of the referendum argue that state statutory and constitutional provisions make the people equivalent to the legislature when they act through referendum or initiative. racial preferences in college admissions return to the supreme court: fisher v. it has been called an "anachronism" that "thwarts" democratic principles,4 "constitutional stupidity,"5or even a "dangerous game" with "many built-in pitfalls" that are "bound to destroy us. fundamentally, income itself, however measured, is an inadequate measure by which to compare the quality of life of americans. “struggle” itself is the purpose and goal of the alinsky way. the role of the individual in revolution, it might be obvious at this point that, given his absolutism, nechayev didn’t have much concern for individuality.. recounts in new mexico were briefly discussed, but were not pursued. loudest voices, all coming from the left, fulminate against the top 1 percent of earners and blame an unfair system that allows the rich to line their pockets, leaves the poor in the lurch, and generates spectacular income disparities..The proportional plan is yet another option that sounds good on the surface, but that creates problems in practice. size of the leisure gap between both individual workers and family units is sizable. his 1964 state of the union address, president lyndon johnson declared all-out war on poverty, “the most ancient of mankind’s enemies. this means that the taxpayers will spend no less than 0,000 on the education of the typical child who finishes high school.
The Electoral College: Enlightened Democracy | The Heritage
a large extent, this is still true, but the culture of work has eroded."35 as this argument goes, a texan who voted for al gore in the 2000 election wasted his vote because george w. for nechayev, as he wrote in his catechism of the revolutionary, “everything [for the revolutionary] is moral which assists the triumph of revolution. the essence of alinsky is a radical idea of universal equivalence, though this has been seen before both in marxist theory, and in communist states. in his first inaugural address, president thomas jefferson eloquently summed up the government’s limited supporting role:Still one thing more, fellow-citizens—a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned.“change” is both the tool and the goal, but it is rarely defined in any way that is not strictly local and economic; better housing for the poor, better economic opportunity, better wages, better municipal services, etc. president obama worked for alinsky organizations and taught seminars in alinsky tactics and methodology during his "community organizing" period in chicago. so the floodgates of regulation and legislation were opened, with all of the attendant consequences, both foreseen and unforeseen, for those who were forced to comply with the plethora of red tape. in this context, they often cite the "winner-take-all" method employed by most states, claiming that it causes the votes of some individuals to be "wasted. alinsky and his followers have confused agitation with growth; the advancement of humanity must by necessity be driven by morality and ethics. the goal is not to eliminate this disparity, but to minimize its severity. the founders reconciled these seemingly conflicting needs by creating a republican government, organized on federalist principles, in which minorities would be given many opportunities to make themselves heard. what does matter is that the laws governing the journey apply equally to all. the stakes are too high—the cause is too dear to us—for us to let the american dream slip away. using a direct election system, dishonest officials in one-party states have both the ability and incentive to cheat, creating potential resentment, suspicion, and hatred from other states and from the citizens of their own state. whereas the free-market system celebrates and encourages competition, crony capitalism is about shielding the powerful and well-connected from competition. begin to address the crisis in education, we must recognize that throwing more money at our schools will not fix the problem. moreover, if a state votes in pieces, consequential issues would fall out of the larger debate in favor of local grievances."pragmatically, the only hope for genuine minority progress is to seek out allies within the majority and to organize that majority itself as part of a national movement for change. thomas piketty and emmanuel saez, the great economists of income inequality, tabulate incomes of the top 1 percent, the top 0. state legislatures will better serve their citizens if they leave the winner-take-all system in place. it is about government getting out of the way and stepping in only if one of the other runners tries to overtake you by cheating. where property rights are not protected, liberty is always in jeopardy. the same holds true for the millions of immigrants who continue to flock to this new promised land not in search of food stamps and housing vouchers, but armed with a good work ethic and a desire to make a better life for themselves and their families. without the liberty to acquire and possess property and to dispose of it in free markets, our station in life would essentially be fixed at birth. while the details vary from author to author, the broad contours of the argument are always the same and can be reduced to three core elements:A claim that income inequality is on the rise,The attempt to find a culprit for this increase, and. in that sense, and in that sense only, equality of opportunity is a basic requirement of justice and an integral component of the american dream. for example:In egypt, the regulatory maze is so cumbersome that it takes more than 500 days to open up a simple bakery;.. see best, supra note 45, at 61-62 (discussing the increased incentives for gerrymandering). at the state and local levels, however, it is much easier to see how excessive regulation limits opportunity. however, many of the other benefits envisioned by district plan proponents are unlikely to come to pass. what stokes his outrage is the mere fact that some have become richer than others. these numbers reinforce the fact that almost everyone is enjoying the fruits of america’s increasing prosperity., according to gallup, 85 percent of those age 65 and older are non-hispanic whites, making it the least racially diverse age group in america (jones). even these more extensive reports miss many aspects of obama’s ties to acorn. we are expected to preserve these freedoms and our system of constitutional government that supports them., racial history still seems to play a role in politics. "safe" states and small states, they allege, do not receive nearly as much attention on this national tour., while there is some evidence that the decline in unionization might have affected male wages in the 1980s, workers pay a price for unions. his goal, he wrote, was “to knit this world into a single invincible and all-destroying force–this is the purpose of our entire organization, our conspiracy, and our task. as abraham lincoln’s own retelling of the “american dream” makes clear:A young man finds himself of an age to be dismissed from parental control; he has for his capital nothing, save two strong hands that god has given him, a heart willing to labor, and a freedom to choose the mode of his work and the manner of his employer; he has got no soil nor shop, and he avails himself of the opportunity of hiring himself to some man who has capital to pay him a fair day’s wages for a fair day’s work. this, along with the winner-take-all system (which all states use but maine and nebraska), means that, in most states, minority voters – whether a minority of one-percent or 40 percent – have very little incentive to actually vote (levinson, 88). alinsky, like the koran, sira, and hadith, represents morality turned upside down or abandoned entirely in favor of cold pragmatism. what the numbers reveal, in other words, is “an increase in the number of people seeking to get benefits who aren’t really unable to work. critics of the electoral college allege that the country's presidential election process does more to trample the rights of individuals than to protect federalism. once the country is "taken back" what is to be done with it? quick look at student performance across the country amply justifies canada’s dispiriting words.. , susan milligan, the electoral college: move is afoot for direct vote , b." this desire for endless agitation as a goal is bizarre and disturbing. the united states is the hope of the world; some have forgotten this, or never believed it. in each case, the victor was able to succeed only because his opponent did not build the national coalition that is required by the electoral college.. department of education, the average annual per-pupil expenditure in public schools is more than ,000—double the amount it was in 1970 (in constant dollars). individual legislatures are free to adopt most such plans now., however, need not go down the route of fiscal collapse. once you organize people, they'll keep advancing from issue to issue toward the ultimate objective: people power. he doesn't know because no alinskyite has ever reached this level of power except for hillary clinton. second, it fails to mention the other all-important factor required for the dream to materialize: a culture of work in which labor is encouraged and celebrated. even worse, this envy and hatred of the “one percent” masquerades as compassion for the downtrodden.., rethinking the electoral college debate: the framers, federalism, and one person, one vote, 114 harv. emma goldman, the problem with ideas similar to nechayev’s was clear – a revolution that required the loss of one’s individuality isn’t a revolution worth pursuing. moreover, a republican government, organized on federalist principles, would allow the delegates to achieve the most difficult of their tasks: enabling large and small sovereign states to live peacefully alongside each other. we should not glance at income distribution charts in america and dogmatically repeat the jeffersonian mantra that unequal property levels are normal. this leads one paper to conclude: “this discrepancy in timing also suggests that declining union penetration is unlikely to be central to recent wage structure changes." seeing the corruption of chicago at the time and the hero status held by al capone and his operatives, alinsky made it his affair to associate himself with them. noted, a major element in the declining capacity for self-support is the collapse of marriage in low-income communities:As the war on poverty expanded benefits, welfare began to serve as a substitute for a husband in the home, and low-income marriage began to disappear. obama administration is the embodiment of the failure of politics because it is not about politics - politics involves concession and compromise - it is about victory at any cost. primary effect of america's federalist presidential election process is to protect the freedom of individuals -- particularly those in small states and sparsely populated areas. the electoral college already puts racial minorities at a disadvantage, the compromise of 1877 and the resulting jim crow laws that followed further entrenched disenfranchisement (valelly, 129). this standard, the war on poverty must be judged an abject failure. while acknowledging the role of fortune and the benefits conferred by society, he expects to rise—and to fall—by his own merits alone. removing the electoral college, they argue, would not undermine the two-party system. people who were in the middle at the start of the historical period may have entered their peak earnings and are now in the top instead of the middle. it purports to let colorado voters decide the method of allocating the state's electoral votes, despite the fact that the constitution gives this power to state legislatures, not state citizens. we now have an alinsky acolyte in the white house, one could say he has “taken back” the country, but it is clear that he does not know what to do with it..In the house vote for president, each state delegation is granted one vote.
lessons from a cross country comparison of generational earnings mobility,” institute for the study of labor discussion paper no. adoption of the 23rd amendment in 1961 provided the district of columbia with at least three electoral votes, as if it were a state. who focus on income inequality have embraced a very different american dream from the one that is familiar to most americans. alexander hamilton, for instance, publicly deemed the electoral college "excellent. past saturday, my column, “faith can polarize us – and certainty is not the answer,” was published in the dallas morning news. similarly, to deny some the fruits of their honest labor while rewarding the failures of others is a gross injustice. in a commercial republic, poverty is not a permanent condition from which there is no hope of escape.. council of economic advisers, economic report of the president, transmitted to congress february 2000 (washington: u. constitution: state laws and constitutions may not trump the u. cases when the government does create programs that aim to give more opportunities to the disadvantaged, these programs ought to be rigorously evaluated to see whether they actually deliver on their promises. state boundaries have one significant advantage over congressional district boundaries: they are reasonably permanent and cannot be changed by an incumbent class of officials. of this takes a toll on our once-robust culture of work. obama and many other policymakers are concerned that the rise in income inequality has made america a less mobile society than it once was. recognize this, however, is not to encourage concerned citizens to look the other way as their cherished american dream fades into the sunset. george is unemployed for the first half of the series and eventually lands a rather pointless job with the new york yankees. professor judith best explains this dynamic:[t]he splintering of the vote works against the moderate candidates and works to the advantage of the immoderate, extreme candidates. yet to the degree that safe states do not receive a proportionate amount of attention during campaigns, the logical conclusion is that those states, by and large, must already feel that one of the two presidential candidates represents their interests fairly well. people the world over know that america is the land of opportunity. over the next 75 years, social security, which started running out of money in 2010, has promised to pay . his love of country is as hollow as that of the reverend jeremiah wright.most studies have found that consumption inequality is much less than income inequality, but there are some exceptions. greater voter participation is improbable, particularly in lopsided or "safe" congressional districts -- and most congressional districts are safe. as professor richard valelly explained:“the reason why the poll tax appealed so much to white supremacists may not be entirely obvious at this late date. other words, voters have more power in places like wyoming, alaska, and the district of columbia, for example, because they’re over-represented in the electoral college (kimberling). focusing on a few swing districts would repeat on a fragmented scale the "swing state problem. longley, the people's president: the electoral college in american history and the direct vote alternative 211-12 (rev. constitutional amendments are not completed -- or undone -- nearly as easily. nechayev wants his ideal revolutionaries to have “no interests of his own, no affairs, no feelings, no attachments, no belongings, not even a name. now he buys land on his own hook; he settles, marries, begets sons and daughters, and in course of time he too has enough capital to hire some new beginner. unfortunately, alinsky’s followers are just as confused on this matter.the self-reliance fostered by the american dream—the self-reliance of frederick douglass’s self-made men—is most emphatically not the self-reliance of ralph waldo emerson. he talked about “the world as it is” and “the world as it should be…”. consider the supplemental nutrition assistance program, commonly known as food stamps.‘the government gives them the drugs, builds bigger prisons, passes a three-strike law and then wants us to sing “god bless america. weeks after leaving his government job, he reappeared on capitol hill, now as a lobbyist for a company poised to capitalize on the plan. my sons ought to study mathematics and philosophy, geography, natural history and naval architecture, navigation, commerce and agriculture, in order to give their children a right to study painting, poetry, music, architecture, statuary, tapestry, and porcelain..In even simpler terms, however, the court also pointed out what almost any middle-school child should know: a legislature is a representative body, not the people themselves. we have seen in history that utopian ideologies resulted in the greatest toll of death of innocents in human history. together, overregulation, overlegislation, and crony capitalism are three of the most egregious threats to the principles of economic freedom that undergird the american dream. when we forget that the reality of humanity is the driver of the functioning of the world, we are lost in dreams. the core of alinsky's method is destruction, destruction of the "system" that allows a disparity of wealth. because some cannot stand on their own two feet, let us not mistakenly conclude, as many do, that none can..It is perhaps easiest to think of the current election procedure in two phases: first, the electoral college vote, and second, the contingent election procedure, which is used only if no candidate wins a majority of electoral votes. a recent study by the nonpartisan congressional budget office analyzed the changes in after-tax income for different segments of the population from 1979 to 2007.” that is how harlem children’s zone founder geoffrey canada describes the failures of our public education system in the much-touted documentary waiting for “superman. the mere politician, equally with the pious man, ought to respect and to cherish them. in the united states, a rich man believes that he owes it to public opinion to devote his leisure to some operation of industry or commerce or to some public duty. worse, because this type of election is so similar to a direct popular election system, it contains many of the same downfalls: multiple candidacies, close elections, runoffs, greater potential for fraud, and greater incentives for extremist candidates to join the fray. live in a fantasy realm outside of context and history, as if history and its cycles and challenges do not apply to them. argument that income inequality led to the financial crisis and the “great recession” runs counter to the evidence. but because of the way that the electoral college is currently set up, it could be argued, as josh a. is something that conservatives generally have a hard time understanding. we live in a confused time, but the confusion is clearing away; it is clearing away through knowledge and understanding of the motivations of those in power. surveying a dynamic society such as ours, we can only marvel at the extraordinarily rich and diverse tapestry of people who comprise it. the rising tide of capitalism does indeed lift all boats, although cash transfers through welfare programs admittedly also play a role. and while the region struggled all around, the deep south’s racial and ethnic minorities “faced some of the widest disparities relative to the national average across all of the indicators assessed in [the commonwealth fund’s] equity dimension” (khazan). fairness to alinsky, the above was said relating to a specific local situation, but the dismissal of integrity is illustrative. the dc circuit court of appeals strike down this latest attempt to strip citizens of their 2nd amendment?lincoln, “address to the wisconsin state agricultural society,” speeches and writings, vol. all the talk about the rich “grabbing” too large a share of the national income therefore rests on a flawed understanding of this basic truth of free-market economics. the general inability to obtain majority consensus, the electoral college provides the country with the next best alternative.” for bakunin, “the only possible, the only real revolutionary army is not outside the people, it is the people itself. while slaves were unrepresented and disenfranchised, the three-fifths compromise (in which slaves would count as 3/5 of a person for a state’s population) allowed slave states to gain more representatives – and therefore more electoral votes – without actually letting slaves have any voting rights whatsoever. is, of course, perfectly reasonable in a prosperous society such as ours to try to give the destitute and underprivileged certain extra opportunities., we must regain clarity as to what the american dream is. whereas the free-market system treats all players equally, from the largest conglomerate to the smallest mom-and-pop shop, crony capitalism rigs the rules of the game in favor of the entrenched big players. hence the broad focus of part iii of this report. the highest order of genius is as dependent as is the lowest. direct elections and a system of runoffs discourage such behavior. liberals and conservatives disagree about what the american dream entails, it follows that they also disagree about what threatens it. well-designed after-school programs may allow children to develop talents that otherwise would have lain dormant. he would deem himself disreputable if he used his life only for living. the headline of a front-page story in usa today last summer concisely summed up the enormity of the fiscal crisis america faces: “u. by establishing literacy tests (which were often arbitrarily enforced by whites), southern racists could legally limit the voting power of black americans (valelly, 129).’ nothing less than the complete surrender of the individual will satisfy the insatiable appetite of the new deity.
instead, consumption appears to be distributed much more equally, with goods formerly held to be luxuries widely available to everyone. everything in him is absorbed by a single exclusive interest, a single thought, a single passion – the revolution. frank, falling behind: how rising inequality harms the middle class (berkeley and los angeles: university of california press, 2007). cold war is over - but now it is being fought anew under a new name in the halls of our national centers of political power under the multi-colored banner: "hope and change. utopians know what is best, those who oppose them are… evil. just as inevitable is the fact that businesses will try to get in bed with the regulators and legislators to squeeze out the competition, a phenomenon known as crony capitalism. after her graduation alinsky offered her a job with his organization, which she refused to pursue other opportunities. the essential feature of free markets is that they are open to all and are governed by rules that do not discriminate. in certain cases, they will simply have been unlucky like the hapless doctoral students who finished dissertations on the soviet union in december 1991. in making the comparison, you can look either at income (absolute comparison) or rank in the income scale distribution (relative comparison). not only are we not racing against everyone else—happiness is not a limited and exhaustible national resource—but we are not all going toward the same end (unless, like woody allen, you count death). but this term "depraved" would not have bothered alinsky for he is the champion of the abandonment of morality. capitalism links rewards to efforts and as a result creates a strong incentive for all to exert themselves and work hard. this so-called reform may actually have the opposite effect from what was intended in states that are close overall but have congressional districts that are not. a knowable historical record there can be no learning from past events, and no trust in previous knowledge. fundamentally, consumption is a much better measure of well-being than income, and when levels of consumption rather than income are compared, inequalities are much less pronounced. college is structurally racist:But the founders had another, more sinister reason for the electoral college – to strengthen slave states (levinson, 90).. constitution is the supreme law of the land and preempts all other laws. even after controlling for the different education levels of single mothers and married couples, the married poverty rate is still more than 75 percent lower. better captures the federal government’s current and long-term fiscal situation than the expression “drowning in a sea of debt. this is a bizarre and corrupt ideology for any leader of a nation to embrace. this has led some economists to believe that measures of poverty should be based on consumption instead of just income. if you were to assume mistakenly that free-market economics promises to raise standards of living equally for all rather than to raise them in general would you be worried about the unequal growth rates. but in the economic realm, justice is about the processes, not the outcomes.though they will disagree on how such laws and regulations are crafted. of the main reasons for this loss of mobility is that the number of black single-parent households has increased dramatically, and the number of black married families has greatly decreased. borrow again from douglass, the divide is over whether we think people are born with legs or whether we believe all men and women are in need of crutches. the revolution ‘for the people’ has complete disregard for actual people; nechayev writes, “all the persons organized in accordance with the general principles are regarded as and used as a means of or implements for performing the undertakings and achieving the aim of the society..This principle applies to the constitutional process for electing a president, just as it applies to the constitutional amendment process. bush took advantage of this discontent, and he spent more than million communicating his message to west virginia's voters. then again, given the wretched poverty in which most men and women have lived throughout the ages and the endless obstacles to advancement that continue to exist in countries around the world, the american dream is bold and revolutionary., in the words of heritage’s robert rector, a national authority on the subject, is “america’s strongest anti-poverty weapon. the 12th amendment modified the constitution's original article ii election procedure to provide for the current system of one-ticket voting for the president and vice president. moreover, the state can switch back to a winner-take-all system if implementing the district plan causes more problems than it solved (as it is likely to do). it discourages candidates from addressing issues that appeal to the state as a whole and might encourage candidates to visit district rich, high-population centers to the exclusion of rural districts. as a result, fewer people work, regardless of how the economy is doing. a more precise measure reveals that income inequalities are not as pronounced as the standard measures suggest.” but both bakunin and emma goldman disagreed; they argued that the means shouldn’t be separated from the ends. we are seeing is the most radical president in our country’s history who is unable to govern because governing is not his purpose. best evidence, however, reveals that these are not major factors in the changes in income distribution that have actually occurred. that was not a term of uncertain meaning when incorporated into the constitution. he works industriously, he behaves soberly, and the result of a year or two’s labor is a surplus of capital.’ while the declaration of independence states “that all men are created equal,” the electoral college suggests otherwise. passed, this referendum would supposedly replace colorado's winner-take-all system of casting electoral votes with a system of proportional allocation, making colorado the only state to enact such a method in presidential elections. it may also be that the refusal to prosecute crimes committed against certain minorities artificially depresses their income, thereby leading to disparities between these minorities and the majority. slesnick, consumption and social welfare: living standards and their distribution in the united states (cambridge: cambridge university press, 2001). by ensnaring an ever-larger share of the population in the tentacles of the welfare state, it has left a significant portion of the population less capable of prosperous self-sufficiency than they were before lbj declared his war on poverty. it’s also true, given the inherent nature of democracy, that minorities will always necessarily be at a disadvantage. she vehemently denounced statist ideas, like nechayev’s, in her 1940 essay “the individual, society and the state”: “’the individual is nothing,’ [the new statists] declare, ‘it is the collectivity which counts. historically, most elections have not been close in the electoral college, even when the popular vote is close. bakunin notes in his letter to nechayev, that way of thinking leads to its own form of statism: “to strive to foist on the people your own thoughts – foreign to its instinct – implies a wish to make it subservient to a new state.., described the self-reliant spirit in his adopted land:I have never known a native american to ask for charity. i insisted that our cause could not expect me to become a nun and that the movement would not be turned into a cloister. those who are his sycophants and fellow travelers must be exposed and shamed for waging war on their own country and their own people in the name of utopianism and endless struggle. after all, since 1967, a majority of americans have favored replacing the electoral college with a popular vote system; in 2011, 62% of americans supported a constitutional amendment replacing the electoral college, with only 35% wanting to keep the electoral college (saad). more education is one of the best ways to ensure that you can surpass your parents and your peers. thus, lincoln praised “the just and generous and prosperous system” because it “opens the way for all. the main difference between nechayev and both bakunin and goldman is that nechayev strongly believed that the ends justify the means."i love this goddamn country, and we're going to take it back. bush won the electoral college without winning the popular vote (enten). percent of the votes in a state is as effective as winning 100 percent of the votes. their efforts to redefine the american dream, many on the left have seized on this metaphor but have shifted the focus to all that the federal government must do to give each and every one of us the sturdy ladders to which we are supposedly entitled. rise in income inequality does not lead to a decline in economic mobility or to an economic slowdown and therefore does not threaten the american dream. by falsely claiming that the right is somehow opposed to helping those in need, the left has managed to deflect attention from the fact that the way it speaks about poverty and life saps the vigor of those in need, fosters unreasonable expectations, and leads to bitter disappointment and resentment. if our leaders do not concur, if they seek to shortcut the natural process or disrupt the rule of law, they must be voted out or impeached. is no utopia, and there is no better system of government in history than what we have here in this country. this is a term that can mean many things to many people. 766–772; mary corcoran, “mobility, persistence, and the consequences of poverty for children: child and adult outcomes,” in understanding poverty, eds. perhaps the best method of demonstrating the benefits of federalism is to expose the evils suffered without it. ultimately, it seems that liberals’ commitment to the sexual revolution—and, in some circles, hostility to what feminists and marxists call a repressive patriarchal institution—trumps their professed devotion to the poor and determination to tackle the root causes of poverty.” alan krueger argues that money that flowed to the top quintile instead of the middle was lost to the economy because middle-class families had less money to spend, and this slowed economic growth. following the 2000 census, california has the most electors (55), while seven states plus the district of columbia have the minimum number of electors (3). there can be no place for morality and ethics when the world must be transformed to a utopia – for alinsky and his followers this purpose is superior even to any "supreme being" and the morality and ethics which may have originated from such a being. the first part of this report is therefore devoted to recovering the true understanding of the american dream, the essence of which can be summed up by a simple equation:Economic freedom + culture of work = prosperity and opportunity. absolute mobility—a comparison of how much you earn and how much your parents earned when they were your age—is a good measure of a society’s overall improvement.
reality, the evidence demonstrates that:Income inequality has indeed risen in recent decades, but. virtually every child of immigrants will do better than his or her parents. element of comparison may be your parents (intergenerational), your peers (intragenerational), or yourself at a previous point in time. god damn america for as long as she acts like she is god and she is supreme. a recent study found that having a college education makes children significantly more likely to surpass their parents in income and wealth and less likely to experience downward mobility. he does not demand anything from others but is rather grateful for the help he does receive. property rights are not threatened only by heavy-handed redistributionist schemes and excessive taxation.lincoln, “address to the wisconsin state agricultural society,” speeches and writings, vol. it’s quite frankly absurd to seriously think that the same scumbag politicians and lobbyists who use the revolving door would vote against their self-interests – even if their self-interests directly contrast with the interests of our nation in general. if many people have negative mobility, a society is losing ground. it is a difficult dream for the european upper classes to interpret adequately, and too many of us ourselves have grown weary and mistrustful of it. however, there is little doubt that alinsky's idea of a better "system" is one that brings forced equivalence or marxism. it is not important to alinsky that lucifer is the embodiment of the idea of evil and opposition to good; what matters is that alinsky sees lucifer as effective; the trains always run on time when satan runs the show. the left’s new american dream to deliver on its promise, america will have to be completely overhauled, and the character of its citizens will need to be altered. begin with the obvious, all of this red tape takes a toll on the economy, which in turn leads to fewer jobs being created. the electoral college requires moderation, compromise, and coalition building from any candidate before he can be successful.. is steadily separating into a two-caste system with marriage and education as the dividing line. embedded in the american dream is a vision of an extraordinarily vibrant society where standards of living continually rise, science and technology deliver wonder after wonder, and citizens are imbued with a “sky’s the limit” mentality and are motivated to work hard and pursue opportunities, knowing that their efforts will be rewarded. today, in america and throughout the world, free markets are receding and entrenched business interests are on the rise. when it comes to talking about the importance of the family, the left is by and large either strangely silent or outright hostile., 2001) (quoting bill knapp, senior advisor to the gore/lieberman campaign).“with malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as god gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.., best, supra note 37, at 191-204 (noting the ability of the electoral college to isolate incidents of fraud); see also hardaway, supra note 45, at 25-28 (discussing the 1960 election and the uncertainty that could have resulted from the close count and the alleged fraud). [the state legislature] may, if it so chooses, select the electors itself. authors of the constitution had studied the history of many failed democratic systems, and they strove to create a different form of government. in revolutionary catechism, bakunin wrote, “freedom can and must be defended only by freedom: to advocate the restriction of freedom on the pretext that it is being defended is a dangerous delusion.” in his famous commonwealth club address in 1932, president franklin roosevelt emphasized this fictitious distinction between “two sets of rights, those of ‘personal competency’ and those involved in acquiring and possessing property. wage inequality continued to grow regardless of the rise or fall of the value of the minimum wage. once we accept the most reasonable premise, that we ought to create more opportunities for the underprivileged, how do we avoid becoming ensnared in the tentacles of limitless liberalism?’s mission was to incite constant struggle and agitation so that the oppressive “system” would eventually be brought to its knees; acorn is on the same path, but pretends legitimacy much better than alinsky ever attempted. his win made him the first president in more than 100 years to attain the white house despite a popular vote loss,2 and it led to renewed calls for abolition of america's unique presidential election system, colloquially referred to as the electoral college.recall adam smith’s distinction between two types of inequality in part i of this report. as previously mentioned, as of 2011, 62% of americans supported a constitutional amendment replacing the electoral college, with a majority of republicans favoring it for the first time since 2000 (saad). levine, wrong winner: the coming debacle in the electoral college 126 (1991) (discussing the "crucial shortcoming" of the district plan: it "does nothing to correct the wrong-winner perversion"); peirce & longley,supra note 44, at 142 (discussing the disparities that would still exist between the popular and electoral vote totals under a district plan). the rise of single-parent families means that an increasing number of families are broken and have only a single parent and income-earner. the rise of the alinskyites has been a rude awakening for most americans, but it has also energized a vocal opposition..The district plan retains some of the advantages of the current electoral college arrangement. constant agitation is not a solution though alinsky would have you believe otherwise..The electoral count act of 1887,19 as updated through the years, currently provides an election timeline: election day is the tuesday following the first monday in november in any given presidential election year. what worth is there in knowing that adults in their 50s earn more than college students or retirees? alinsky and his "community organizing" methods and philosophy have had a profound influence on the politics of the united states. may well be that unjust economic regulations arbitrarily deny certain segments of the population the full liberty to exercise their rights and in turn lead to disparities in income.'s election systems have operated smoothly for more than 200 years because the Electoral College accomplishes its intended purposes. while this is not a widely known interview it provides great insight into alinsky, his purposes and, most importantly, his deep alienation from concepts of decency, ethics and morality.” perhaps both bakunin and even nechayev would agree with her on this.. whitaker & neale, supra note 52, at 19-20 (relating the logistics proposed for a proportional division of electoral votes). and legislative compliance also raises the cost of labor, thereby discouraging employers from hiring and decreasing wages for those who do get hired. potentially, at least one electoral vote in each of the 50 states would be open to dispute every presidential election year. hamilton was right when he described the electoral college in the federalist no. in fact, they are passive-but real-allies of the haves … the most unethical of all means is the non-use of any means … the standards of judgment must be rooted in the whys and wherefores of life as it is lived, the world as it is, not our wished-for fantasy of the world as it should be. the short story harrison bergeron, kurt vonnegut vividly describes a dystopian future in which those of above-average strength, intelligence, and beauty are artificially handicapped to prevent them from “taking unfair advantage” of their natural endowments. today's unenthusiastic views would almost certainly surprise these early patriots. with his oath of office taken on abraham lincoln's personal bible the american people thought that the long circle of racism had finally been closed with obama's inauguration, but it is not so. this measure, income inequality has indeed risen (although its growth has slowed recently). man, one vote issue:Arguably the clearest issue with the electoral college is that it denies the basic principle of ‘one citizen, one vote. as paul ryan has explained:Pitting one group against another only distracts us from the true sources of inequity in this country—corporate welfare that enriches the powerful and empty promises that betray the powerless…. scholarships and loans may give bright students the opportunity to study at universities that they otherwise could not have afforded. “this intergenerational poverty effect persists even after adjusting for the original differences in family income and poverty during childhood. the ability of superstars to receive more pay than lesser-known actors has been illustrated throughout history. in the few stories where obama’s role as an acorn “leadership trainer” is noted, or his seats on the boards of foundations that may have supported acorn are discussed, there is little follow-up. we'll start with specific issues -- taxes, jobs, consumer problems, pollution - and from there move on to the larger issues: pollution in the pentagon and the congress and the board rooms of the megacorporations. this is good for the true believers of alinsky but bad for those who love liberty, democracy, and the future growth and stability of the united states and the prosperity and security of ourselves and our friends. 15, 1814), in 6 the works of john adams, second president of the united states 447, 484 (charles francis adams ed. some versions of this plan call for whole electoral votes to be divided in the interest of accuracy. a system that favors a stable two-party system, but allows minority parties to vie for control, has a definite benefit over a system that favors many minority parties: hand in hand with the electoral college, it tends to prevent the rise to power of extremist groups and radical minorities. in order to agitate for “change,” alinsky and his adherents require the population to be on edge; "rubbed raw. purpose is to learn through the slow, but sound, evolutionary process of trial and error, and to preserve the constitution its sovereignty over this great land. this study looks especially at non-durable goods, which are goods that are going to be quickly consumed such as food or gasoline. kesler of claremont mckenna college explains: "in truth, the issue is democracy with federalism (the electoral college) versus democracy without federalism (a national popular vote). the math is fairly simple: little work equals little income, which equals poverty. our simpler purposes, economic freedom simply boils down to each person’s right to freely engage in economic activity: in short, the security of property rights combined with the dynamism of free markets.” early on in his letter, he explains that his views “do not acknowledge the usefulness, or even the possibility, of any revolution except a spontaneous or a people’s social revolution., fifteen times in our history, presidential candidates have been elected despite failing to earn over 50% of the national vote (kimberling). other delegates at the constitutional convention agreed with him: they viewed the electoral college as one of the new constitution's great achievements., on the left and on the right, everyone talks about rebuilding, saving, restoring, defending, or rescuing an american dream that is slipping, fading, eroding, or vanishing.