How long is a dissertation uk

How long did your dissertation take

is important to allow yourself enough time for the final checking and proof reading of the finished document. in the detail, concentrating on getting everything recorded rather than sticking to the word limit at this stage. can be a good idea to put the word limit to the back of your mind at this point, and concentrate on getting everything recorded in a document.  ideally, this might mean that service users and the members of disadvantaged groups should have a say in how research is designed and conducted. may be one of the shortest sections of your thesis or dissertation, but it is worthwhile taking great care to write it well. students are expected to discuss the ethical implications of their research with their supervisors. is likely, and advisable, that you will not wait until the end of your research before starting to write it up. dissertation is a substantial piece of written work that ideally should conform to a number of academic conventions. each page of statistical tables, charts or diagrams shall be regarded as equivalent to a page of text of the same size. if you began by making a long and unstructured list of content, you can now feed that into the developing structure by inserting it as bullet points under the relevant headings. remember the dissertation needs to demonstrate your ability to undertake and report research rather than to answer every question on a topic.  however, a number of other bodies do publish such guidelines, amongst which some of the most helpful are those of the social research association.  to what extent, if any, will you be able to generalise on the basis of your research? this will also avoid building up a backlog of work that needs to be revised, which can be discouraging. you have produced the proposal and discussed it with your supervisor, you may want to write the first draft of a chapter of the dissertation. it aims to help you to feel confident in the construction of this extended piece of writing, and to support you in its successful completion. a candidate must submit, with the dissertation, a statement signed by her or himself attesting to the length of the dissertation. you may also wish to include an evaluation of any difficulties you encountered in collecting and analysing data, together with an assessment of how this affected your plan of research. it is normally expected to exceed 40,000 words unless prior permission is obtained from the degree committee. while it is important to be respectful in the way that you discuss others’ ideas and research, you are expected to engage directly, and even openly disagree with existing writing. it is worth taking time to develop a logical structure as this will help to convince examiners of the relevance of your research, and that you understand its relevance. title itself is an important opportunity to tell the potential reader what your research is about. the ethical propriety of their research is a requirement of all academic staff and this is something to which a variety of bodies concerned with the governance and funding of research are increasingly attentive – not only in the uk, but also in many other countries in which lse based researchers may seek to conduct their investigations. to the phds in politics & international studies, latin american studies, and development studies for all submissions. even the early chapters submitted for assessment, and passing that assessment, may need to be revised later on. registered office address of the school is: the london school of economics and political science, houghton street, london wc2a 2ae, uk; tel: +44 (0)20 7405 7686. to phds in archaeology, biological anthropology, and social anthropology for all submissions from 30 november 2013. are some conventions that guide the structuring of dissertations in different disciplines. you have the dissertation in draft form it becomes easier to see where you can improve it. throughout your dissertation process, you will come across literature that is of relevance to your area of study, do not ignore this material, you can always add more literature to your review as you come across it. you may begin to feel that your dissertation will never be good enough, and that you need to revise it again and again. reading the acknowledgements in other dissertations in your field will give you an idea of the ways in which different kinds of help have been appreciated and mentioned. are arguments for extending the coverage of literature in this section but only in exceptional circumstances.*msc population and development students should disregard this 10,000 word limit and refer to their programme specific guidance. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words for the phd degree and the mlitt degree, including footnotes, references and appendices but excluding bibliography. our research we found that students often did not think about the credit rating of their dissertation and actually spent more time working on it than they should have! the discussion should be precisely that: an opportunity to raise the different voices of interest in the research question and to explore the findings in the light of the literature and different perspectives within it. from doing the research to writing a comprehensive account of it is not necessarily easy.

How long should a dissertation take

to the very restrictive word / space limit, while at the same including all the relevant material is quite a challenge. may choose to review your draft from the standpoint of a dissertation examiner, which might involve preparing a list of questions that you want to see answered, then reading through your dissertation scribbling comments, suggestions, criticisms, and ideas in the margin. discursive footnotes are generally discouraged, and under no circumstances should footnotes be used to include material that would normally be in the main text, and thus to circumvent the word limits. the phd degree the thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words, excluding bibliography, but including tables, footnotes and appendices. an existing point of view or statement of it, such that the new version makes a better explanation. thesis is not to exceed 60,000 words (80,000 by special permission) excluding bibliography, figures, appendices etc. for example a scientific dissertation would probably have very clear separation between the results and the discussion of those results; whereas a social science dissertation might have an overall chapter called findings, bringing the results and their discussion together. they will expect your dissertation to be especially thorough and critical in its handling of the issues and in its development of the arguments it puts forward. any dissertation that exceeds the limit will be referred back to candidate for revision before being forwarded to the examiners. headings to notes about analysis, and from ideas for graphical representation to ideas for further research. a candidate must submit, with the dissertation, a statement signed by her or himself attesting to the length of the dissertation. a candidate must add to the preface of their thesis the following signed statement: 'this thesis does not exceed the regulation length, including footnotes, references and appendices. you have the dissertation in draft form it becomes easier to see where you can improve it. if, under exceptional circumstances, candidates wish to apply for permission to exceed this limit, they should do so at least three months before the anticipated submission date. it can be helpful to break the task down into smaller, more easily accomplished elements. that there is an appropriate balance between and within  sections, and that the structure facilitates the logical and coherent description of the research study you have undertaken. phd dissertation must not exceed 80,000 words, and will normally be near that length. discursive footnotes are generally discouraged, and under no circumstances should footnotes be used to include material that would normally be in the main text, and thus to circumvent the word limits. it can be useful to think of the research question or topic going like a strong thread throughout the dissertation: linking all the elements of the study, and giving coherence to its reporting. introduction to your dissertation should explain to the reader what you are going to investigate. **bound copies of the dissertation must be submitted to the course administrator on or before 1 september at 12:00 (midday) or if this falls on a weekend, the first week day after 1 september. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words for the phd and 60,000 words for the mlitt degree. it provides the proof that you have more than a good grasp of the breadth and depth of the topic of the dissertation - your dissertation gives you the opportunity to show off how clever you are! this will help you organise your bibliography and reference list. a gap where you argue that further research is needed; and. permission to exceed these limits will be granted only after a special application to the degree committee. in such cases, you must make an application to the degree committee as early as possible -and no later than three months before it is proposed to submit the thesis, having regard to the dates of the degree committee meetings. once you start you might find that some literature is of little relevance to your study. each degree committee has prescribed the limits of length and stylistic requirements as given below. limits and requirements are strictly observed by the board of graduate studies and the degree committees and, unless approval to exceed the prescribed limit has been obtained beforehand (see: extending the word limit below), a dissertation that exceeds the limit may not be examined until its length complies with the prescribed limit. prompt revision is easier than letting things drift, and you should do it while the advice of your supervisor is fresh in your mind. if you have a marking guide then apply it to your dissertation and see if there are aspects that you can improve.  this is of fundamental importance as it will ensure that your dissertation has a clear focus.  even before that date however you should not expect your supervisor to give meticulous detailed comments on drafts:  the purpose of the dissertation is to give you a chance to show your capacities to contribute to academic discussion and debate and it should be your own effort.  it should be noted that students cannot expect to receive support from supervisors after the end of the summer term. is a requirement of the degree committee for the faculty of english that thesis must conform to either the mhra style book or the mla handbook for the writers of research papers, available from major bookshops. you have written your literature review, this is not the end of the process. there is no major empirical component to the dissertation, the examiners will pay particular attention to matters of scholarship.

  • Writing the Dissertation

    a literature review is not as simple as at first it may seem. discursive footnotes are generally discouraged, and under no circumstances should footnotes be used to include material that would normally be in the main text, and thus to circumvent the word limits. what follows are some general guidelines on how you might do this. this is a useful check on whether amalgamation of sections, or creation of further sections or sub-sections is needed. section should present the main findings of your research together with an account of the strengths and weaknesses of your data relative to your research question/hypothesis., check that the title refers accurately to the finished dissertation.  aim to be modest but realistic in relating your own research to the broader context. in this way the literature review can provide a justification of your own research. once you have a workable plan it is much easier to plan the work in sequence and to set yourself targets for the completion of the separate parts (see the section on getting started with the dissertation).. dissertations must not exceed 80,000 words, and will normally be near that length. however, if graphs are used as an illustration of statistical data that is also presented elsewhere within the thesis (as a table for instance), then the graphs count as 0 words. only way to achieve a consistent argument throughout a piece of writing is by creating some kind of plan or map of what you want to say. under exceptional circumstances will permission be granted to exceed this limit. any thesis which, without the prior permission of the degree committee, exceeds the permitted limit of length will be referred back to the candidate before being forwarded to the examiners. study 12 making sure your dissertation doesn't get on top of you. you are encouraged to take any of these approaches, but you are required explicitly to reflect within the dissertation upon the basis of your approach. permission to include such appendices must be requested from the candidate's supervisor well in advance of the submission of the final thesis. some basic rules:Type or word-process your dissertation - do not write it out.  you need to find a manageable topic – one that has not been researched excessively nor so under-researched that there is no literature available for you to build on. policy research will often be directly concerned with the experiences of the users of human services and/or the needs of disadvantaged social groups.  certain kinds of research may expose the investigator to danger, including the risk of violence from participants or because of the inherently hazardous nature of the environment in which the investigation is to be conducted. need to check whether or not the appendices count within the word limit for your dissertation. having the material on a computer disk will enable you to do revisions efficiently and with a minimum of fuss. of sections and of the dissertation as a whole will help to focus your writing and direct your thoughts. agree these with your supervisor if you think that will motivate you. it is important to show that you appreciate the limitations of your research, and how these may affect the validity or usefulness of your findings. phd dissertation must not exceed 80,000 words, and will normally be near that length. candidates must submit with the thesis a signed statement giving the length of the thesis. with reference to the more central literature, you could organise this more important reading in a similar way. a gap where you argue that further research is needed; and. a guide to better writing for scientists, engineers and students. one thing to remember however is that just because you talk about an author's work in your literature review, doesn't mean you never mention it again in your dissertation. taylor’s (1989) book on writing in the arts and social sciences, he suggests that the following different approaches offer a range of academically legitimate ways to engage with published work.  in this context, there is a wider ethical imperative that people should not be objectified as the 'subjects' of research, but that, wherever possible, they should be empowered as participants in the research process. appendices (of no determined word length) may be permitted subject to the approval of the candidate's supervisor (in consultation with the degree committee); for example, where a catalogue of works is germane to the work. feedback from others at this stage, before you begin to fill in the detail. items that can usefully go in the appendices are those that a reader would want to see, but which would take up too much space and disrupt the flow if placed within the main text. you know someone else who can proof-read the dissertation for you?
  • Literature Reviews

    have different ways of working and you will, to some degree, need to negotiate your approach to supervision style. however the following general points should be kept in mind at all times:Your fieldwork is an important part of your dissertation.  whilst examiners may choose to refer to the appendices during marking, you should not include any material in this section that you expect to be read and contribute to your final mark. be sure to back up all your work on a floppy disk, cd, or memory stick.  the introduction should provide a brief overview of the structure of your dissertation (i. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words including footnotes, references, and appendices but excluding bibliography; a page of statistics shall be regarded as the equivalent of 150 words. also, emphasise the way in which the piece of literature you are reading seeks to set itself apart from other literature. applicable to students registered for the degree prior to 1 august 2012; all other students should consult the guidance of the faculty of biological sciences. it should include good coverage of the process of the fieldwork and indicate how the analysis was undertaken. general guidance is to assist with msc dissertations (long essays). there is likely to be a required format for the title page in your discipline, so you need to check what that is. are some conventions that guide the structuring of dissertations in different disciplines. conduct of research is a vital part of the life of the department. you may also wish to draft those sections of the methodology chapter that cover the methods that you wish to use, together with a justification for why you think those methods are best. ethical issues and the ways in which you dealt with them should be noted. the summer months many of you will be undertaking fieldwork for your dissertations. exceptions are granted when a compelling intellectual case is made. the literature review is a great place to start, because it should demonstrate that you know what you are talking about because you have read everything that is relevant to your dissertation. alternatively it can be useful to write the abstract earlier on, as an aid to identifying the crucial main thread of your research, its purpose, and its findings, which could then guide the structure of the dissertation. candidate must add to the preface of the thesis the following signed statement: 'this thesis, including footnotes, does not exceed the permitted length. in unusually sensitive cases it may be sensible for this to be done in any event. it is not a mere ‘summary’ of your research, but needs to be ‘conclusions’ as to the main points that have emerged and what they mean for your field. however you should never do anything or go anywhere that you believe would put you at personal risk. is a non-assessed course which aims to provide an understanding of issues associated with the research process for all students undertaking msc degrees in the department of social policy. for example you might adopt a similar methodological or theoretical approach in your work to one that exists within the literature, yet place your actual emphasis elsewhere. you need to emphasise the exploratory nature of your work. for example, each chapter may have focused discussion on a particular text. back afresh to look critically at the main text may then enable you to complete it to your satisfaction. however, practice varies, and your supervisor will advise you on how to proceed. another technique to improve academic writing style is to ensure that each individual paragraph justifies its inclusion. to the phd in sociology for all submissions from 30 november 2013. you may begin to feel that your dissertation will never be good enough, and that you need to revise it again and again. can expect comment on written work (an outline, particular chapters or a draft) if it is received by supervisors by week 7 of the summer term. should write as concisely as is possible, with clear and adequate exposition. country specific information is also available on the department of health website. policy and good practice now require a risk assessment where students are engaged in academic work away from lse which produces what can be termed 'serious additional risk'. only way to achieve a consistent argument throughout a piece of writing is by creating some kind of plan or map of what you want to say.  the information at this link is for phd students but you can still take note of the guidelines and discuss the questionnaire with your supervisor before conducting any fieldwork.
  • Writing a thesis statement about obesity
  • Writing a dissertation — University of Leicester

    should also be familiar with the school's risk assessment policy. it may be helpful to divert your attention for a while to the finishing off activities you need to attend to:Writing the abstract and the introduction;. in terms of the organisation and presentation of your literature review, it is worth dividing your review into two main areas: general reading and literature that is of central importance. literature review is an important device in your dissertation as it performs a number of related functions:It demonstrates to whoever reads the dissertation that the author of the work has read widely and is aware of the range of debates that have taken place within the given field. this will then form the basis for your next, improved, draft. can be difficult to identify the best order for sections in this chapter because the rationale for your choice of specific research question can be complicated, and there may be several inter-linked reasons why the research is needed. you would then produce the drafts of the remaining chapters and complete the process of revision and writing-up during the second semester. will need to check which style of reporting is preferred in your field. is likely to be a short section giving details of the types of material you have used, books, peer-reviewed articles, grey literature, press reports, internet based materials. only under exceptional circumstances will permission be granted to exceed this limit. alternatively it can be useful to write the abstract earlier on, as an aid to identifying the crucial main thread of your research, its purpose, and its findings, which could then guide the structure of the dissertation. permission to submit a thesis falling outside these limits must be obtained in advance from the degree committee (but is unlikely to be granted). an existing point of view, perhaps by utilising it on larger or more complex datasets, or apply a theory to a new context. it will also provide you with a framework to refer back to in your discussion chapter, when you reflect on the extent to which your research has achieved what it set out to do. literature-based long essay providing an analysis of a specific research question of relevance to social policy.  it is important in this section that you reflect critically on the limitations of the empirical research you have undertaken. in this sense you are prefacing your work and how it relates to other academic studies by your discussion of it in your literature review. it aims to help you to feel confident in the construction of this extended piece of writing, and to support you in its successful completion.  additionally, it may be necessary to anticipate, for example, that participation in certain kinds of research may occasion emotional distress to the individuals concerned, or that the reporting of research - even when participants have been anonymised - may indirectly harm or unintentionally stigmatise those who took part, or the groups or communities to which they belong. the introduction has two main roles:To expand the material summarised in the abstract, and. having completed the work on the main substance of your dissertation, you should have a much clearer idea of its nature and scope than you did when you wrote your preliminary abstract or proposal. embarking on any substantial writing for your dissertation you will need to check the exact requirements regarding:The word limit: maximum and minimum; and whether or not this includes words within tables, the abstract, the reference list, and the appendices;. important aspect running through your dissertation will be your argument for:Why this specific topic is worth researching;. department makes available a selection of the highest quality dissertations for students to access. students taking msc social policy programmes are strongly encouraged to attend sa4c1: long essay and the research process (see the guidance notes for msc dissertations). applications must be made at least four months before the thesis is bound. for some this will involve poring over the latest government policies, but for others it will mean going out to talk to stakeholders and policy makers. these chapters a straightforward description is required of how you conducted the research. the additional 50 pages may comprise tables of data and/or computer programmes reduced in size. can be best to write the abstract last, once you are sure what exactly you are summarising. reference list (bibliography) and appendices are not included in this word limit. purpose of this chapter is to show that you are aware of where your own piece of research fits into the overall context of research in your field. this will then form the basis for your next, improved, draft. is also a good idea to look at the structure used in published peer-reviewed empirical studies. alternatively, you may have structured your work so that each chapter is devoted to discussion of a particular aspect of your overall topic. the phd degree, not to exceed, without prior permission of the degree committee, 65,000 words, including appendices, bibliography, footnotes, tables and equations not to contain more than 150 figures. feedback from others at this stage, before you begin to fill in the detail. the london school of economics and political science is a school of the university of london.
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Ten things I wish I'd known before starting my dissertation

A GUIDE TO WRITING YOUR MASTERS DISSERTATION School of

any dissertation that exceeds the limit will be referred back to candidate for revision before being forwarded to the examiners. chapter must relate the findings to the theoretical/policy discussion in your literature review.  although any particular empirical investigation may be modest in scope, if it entails human participants, it is nonetheless essential that staff, students and supervisors should consider and address any ethical implications that may pertain to the project. process of having to describe your study in detail, in a logical sequence of written words, will inevitably highlight where more thought is needed, and it may lead to new insight into connections, implications, rationale, relevance, and may lead to new ideas for further research. phd dissertation must not exceed 80,000 words, and will normally be near that length.  you may be putting forward a particular argument and you can give this in your introduction with the issues that you are going to address.  your research question can assist with structuring of your dissertation.  because research in social policy may well involve individuals or groups who are unusually vulnerable or marginalised, adhering to these principles can sometimes be problematic. there is a lot in common between different dissertations regarding the structure and although you do not need to stick slavishly to a standard plan, such a plan is very helpful as a template to impose some order on what may seem an unmanageable task. you have received your supervisor's comments on the draft of any chapter, you should revise that particular chapter immediately. this critical component is very important as it demonstrates that you are engaging with relevant literature in an appropriate manner and that you can discriminate between different perspectives and approaches that exist within your chosen field. introduction will give details of the research topic you have decided to focus on, why the topic is of interest, what the gaps are in knowledge, how your dissertation 'adds value' to previous research (i. back afresh to look critically at the main text may then enable you to complete it to your satisfaction. finding ways of cross relating the findings is therefore important. from doing the research to writing a comprehensive account of it is not necessarily easy. a candidate must submit, with the dissertation, a statement signed by her or himself attesting to the length of the dissertation. this is also an appropriate place for you to point to the limitations of small-scale research of this kind and to indicate possible avenues for researchers to address the issues in the future. another technique to improve academic writing style is to ensure that each individual paragraph justifies its inclusion. to do this you need to:Describe the current state of research in your defined area;. students confuse findings with discussion and it is important to keep them separate. you are taking a dissertation over two semesters, you should aim to spend the equivalent of one full half-day per week working on your dissertation during each semester of your final year if it is worth 20 credits - nearer twice that amount of time if it is a 40-credit dissertation.  regardless of topic, your dissertation will demonstrate the following skills:Defining and outlining a research topic;.  it is recognised, however, that such standards are not self-evident or devoid of controversy. on the rules and regulations of your own institution, give your supervisor drafts of chapters as you write them, and try to be responsive to criticism. this can be done by highlighting specific gaps in the literature – questions that have not been answered (or even asked), and areas of research that have not been conducted within your chosen field. is important that you are assertive about what you are arguing, but it is unlikely that, in a dissertation project, you will be able to be definitive in closing an established academic debate. and sub-headings will help to organise the material better and will also improve presentation. is useful, therefore, to write the proposal and to retain it for reference and revision. it may be that you will be able to summarise the exact nature and scope of your study, in which case the proposal can serve as guide to refer to as you write the main chapters of the work. this is time consuming because you will be reading a large amount of material. main chapters of your dissertation will have focused on particular topics or issues. are two major forms of dissertation:A piece of empirical research, conducted on a topic or issue of relevance to social policy. as the preparation of the dissertation is a process of investigation and discovery, the precise scope of your study may well only emerge as you become closely involved in a detailed review of the literature. should meet with their supervisor to discuss the approach, coverage, questions to be asked, and the outline structure and research design of the dissertation. nb: permission for extensions to the word limit for most other purposes is likely to be refused. they saw it as such an important part of their degree that they wanted to put more into it:It [the dissertation] took up more of my time . it is certainly an academic exercise, but perhaps not too different from the concise explanations of your research you may have had to give to relatives and neighbours over the last few years, in terms of its brevity, accessibility, and comprehensiveness. field of study, the research question, the hypothesis (if any) or, more generally, the research question that is to be investigated.

Planning and conducting a dissertation research project

the resource has been designed to be self-taught and provides a clear explanation of the purpose of each of the research components (for example, literature review, research question) and how the components are inter-related in writing your essays and dissertation.  in such instances, attention should be paid to the ways in which such risks may be minimised. do not put yourself at risk in order to obtain information. it should also include a summary of the contents and main arguments in the dissertation. these notes can then be incorporated into the finished version of your literature review., the discussion links findings to the literature presented in the literature review. literature review might draw on:Statistics – from government sources, from surveys. you have carried out empirical work, remember the need for informed consent and confidentiality (do not use actual names of individuals or organisations, institutions etc. each sub-heading, list the main content that needs to be included, creating sub-sub-headings if needed. there is one proviso, however, to the use of these manuals: the faculty does not normally recommend that students use the author/date form of citation and recommends that footnotes rather than endnotes be used. Each Degree Committee has prescribed the limits of length and stylistic requirements as given below.  it is an opportunity to produce a work of scholarship, using the academic skills you have developed. need to check whether or not the appendices count within the word limit for your dissertation. if candidates need to apply for permission to exceed the word limit, they should do so in good time before the date on which a candidate proposes to submit the dissertation, by application made to the graduate committee.  it is advisable to use the chapter number as a prefix. essentially, the abstract is a succinct summary of the research. to the phd in psychology (former sdp students only) for all submissions made before 30 november 2013., you should check the british foreign and commonwealth office travel advice web pages for specific information regarding the country to which you are travelling. on submission of the dissertation you must include a statement of length confirming that it does not exceed the word limit for your degree committee. candidates must submit with the thesis a signed statement giving the length of the thesis. as you edit and rewrite your dissertation you will probably gain and lose references that you had in earlier versions. this should include previous work done on the field of study and anything that you consider to be relevant to the hypothesis or research question and to its investigation.  aim to be modest but realistic in relating your own research to the broader context. poor dissertations often fail to relate to broader debates within the academic community. in this case each segment can have its own sub-heading, with a synthesis that brings the findings together at the end of the chapter. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words for the phd degree and 60,000 words for the mlitt degree, including footnotes, references and appendices, but excluding bibliographies. for the limit of length of the thesis to be exceeded must be early — certainly no later than the time when the application for the appointment of examiners and the approval of the title of the thesis is made. the introduction to your dissertation should explain to the reader what you are going to investigate. process of preparing your dissertation for submission begins with a careful final drafting of all your chapters and sections. you are carrying out primary research you need to say how you obtained your sample, how you have ensured anonymity of participants, and any other ethical issues. you have discussed the range of literature that is only of general interest to your study, you can then go into more detail on the literature that more sharply focuses on the questions that are of interest to you. you submit the dissertation, you should check that the final version of the title is an accurate reflection of what the dissertation is about and, if not, change the title. by further dividing your literature in this way, you are adding more organisation into your literature review by providing specific sub-categories of relevant literature. it is a charity and is incorporated in england as a company limited by guarantee under the companies acts (reg no. where appropriate and where prior approval has been granted by the degree committee, it is permitted to exceed the limit in the case of dissertations presented in the form of critical editions of texts and dissertations requiring large amounts of linguistic data. it is important to show that you appreciate the limitations of your research, and how these may affect the validity or usefulness of your findings. could start by making a comprehensive and unstructured list of all the elements and ideas that you need to include, ranging from. you should take advantage of the period between the first semester and the start of the second semester to write a draft of a chapter, and you should plan to have produced first drafts of all the main chapters by at least four weeks before the submission date (also allowing for any vacation periods when staff may not be available).

The Dissertation - Information for current students - Department of

What is Masters Dissertation or Postgraduate Dissertation?

analysis should critically evaluate earlier work in the field, paying due attention to its contributions, and to any methodological problems and limitations involved. a candidate must add to the preface of the thesis the following signed statement: 'the thesis does not exceed the regulation length, including footnotes, references and appendices but excluding the bibliography. reading the acknowledgements in other dissertations in your field will give you an idea of the ways in which different kinds of help have been appreciated and mentioned. it is important therefore to check that all the references in your reference list are actually referenced within the text; and that all the references that appear in the text appear also in the reference list.© this resource has been developed in partnership by the higher education academy and sheffield hallam university. title itself is an important opportunity to tell the potential reader what your research is about. signed declaration of the style-sheet used (and the edition, if relevant) must be made in the preliminary pages of the thesis. chapters are expected to be included, in which order, and what kind of material is expected in each;. you are travelling to a country where you are not a citizen and have no right to health care you should take out insurance to cover your costs should you fall ill or require some form of assistance. your dissertation is well-structured, easy to follow, logical, and coherent, your examiners will probably enjoy reading it, and will be able to listen to your argument without the distraction of trying to make all the links themselves. it is concerned to explain external realities from an objective standpoint. is important to allow yourself enough time for the final checking and proof reading of the finished document.  remember that if you do not approach your supervisor he/she will not necessarily chase you - the initiative is your responsibility. emphasise that anybody engaged in social research has obligations:To society at large. items that can usefully go in the appendices are those that a reader would want to see, but which would take up too much space and disrupt the flow if placed within the main text. the degree committee points out that some of the best thesis extend to only half this length. this is the first piece of writing the reader comes to, it is often best to leave its preparation to last as, until then, you will not be absolutely sure what you are introducing. to do this you need to:Describe the current state of research in your defined area;. should examine articles in scholarly journals for examples of appropriate titles for a study of this length. the degree committee do not consider applications to extend this word limit. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words for the phd degree and 60,000 words for the mlitt degree, in all cases including footnotes and appendices but excluding bibliography.  not only is it integral to the work of all academic staff, many students in the course of their studies will undertake a piece of primary research for the purposes of a dissertation or thesis. on the credit rating of the dissertation, the amount of time you devote to it should be equivalent to the time you would devote to a taught course with the same credit rating; that is, seminar and lecture time plus time for private study.  for example, any research that involves patients of the uk national health service must have approval by a local research ethics committee. if you used particular equipment, processes, or materials, you will need to be clear and precise in how you describe them. each case the object of the writing was to communicate to yourself, your supervisors, or to others, something about your work. you should also avoid anticipating the discoveries and conclusions that you have made in the course of your investigations. on this page | freedom of information | about this site | social media. will decide with your supervisor precisely when to produce drafts, but if you are taking a dissertation module over one academic year then by the end of the first semester you would normally expect to produce a proposal or abstract and a first draft of one or two chapters. even the early chapters submitted for assessment, and passing that assessment, may need to be revised later on. you will check that your bibliography is properly presented and contains all sources cited throughout your work. in the discussion section of your study you will necessarily relate your findings to those central studies that you have highlighted in your literature review. if there are no formal styles, submit the dissertation in a format that makes it easy for the examiner to handle - avoid complicated spring-back or ring-backed files.  academics are expected to spend the summer vacation on research and writing, as well as attending meetings and conferences and taking holidays, so do not rely on contact with your supervisor after that date. the introduction has two main roles:To expand the material summarised in the abstract, and. it is worth taking time to develop a logical structure as this will help to convince examiners of the relevance of your research, and that you understand its relevance. first stage of your literature review is to collect a list of literature that is relevant to your study. of this website is subject to, and implies acceptance of, its terms of use (including copyright and intellectual property, privacy and data protection and accessibility).

Word limits and requirements of your Degree Committee

Thesis - Wikipedia

this means that when you have completed the chapters that form the main body of your dissertation you can return to the proposal and revise it as much as you need, to form the introduction. good news is that you have already started writing if you have written any of the following in relation to this study:A report of any pilot studies that you undertook;. are no less rigorous in their use of evidence than empiricist approaches, but interpretivism is a stance that characterises a major strand within the social sciences. appendices are relevant to the material contained within the dissertation but do not form part of the connected argument. each page of statistical tables, charts or diagrams shall be regarded as equivalent to a page of text of the same size. you do this, be aware of whether you need to increase the number of words, or decrease it to reach your target. identified gaps in the literature and ways in which you can add value to the research, you need to give your research question and explain how answering this adds to knowledge. you may, for example, produce a draft introduction setting out the issue, together with a literature review which covers what, if any, treatment of the topic has gone beforehand. applications should be made in good time before the date on which a candidate proposes to submit the dissertation, made to the graduate committee. the time you start to write the first draft of your dissertation, you will probably already have accumulated a wealth of notes, scribbles and ideas. it is worth seeking advice from the travel clinic which is in mortimer market (off capper street), london wc1e 6au; this is part of the outpatients clinic of the hospital for tropical diseases. it may be helpful to divert your attention for a while to the finishing off activities you need to attend to:Writing the abstract and the introduction;. any thesis which, without the prior permission of the degree committee, exceeds the permitted limit will be referred back to the candidate before being forwarded to the examiners.  the purpose of social research is so far as possible to advance human understanding and not exclusively the interests of the researcher, of any particular organisation, group or government. any thesis which without prior permission of the degree committee exceeds the permitted limit will be referred back to the candidate before being forwarded to the examiners. so, you might simply say that you have identified certain common features in the relevant literature, or a particular issue that it deals with, and that your dissertation will examine the literature closely in order to demonstrate the relationships between treatments of the issue in the sample texts. most social policy dissertations do not fit neatly into any one methodological category or 'paradigm', but broadly speaking they are likely to tend towards one of three broad schools of thought:All dissertations involve the use of empirical evidence (even if it is existing evidence reported in the relevant literature), but what is called empiricism is an approach to evidence that is aligned to the conventions associated with the natural sciences. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words for the phd and 60,000 words for the msc or mlitt degree. can be difficult to identify the best order for sections in this chapter because the rationale for your choice of specific research question can be complicated, and there may be several inter-linked reasons why the research is needed. the value of this exercise is that it requires you to focus and articulate your thinking. will give details of the research topic you have decided to focus on, why the topic is of interest, what the gaps are in knowledge, how your dissertation 'adds value' to previous research (i. also refer to the summative coursework submission guidelines in the examination and assessment section. that there is an appropriate balance between and within  sections, and that the structure facilitates the logical and coherent description of the research study you have undertaken.  remember to seek the advice or your supervisor about the exact structure you choose to adopt. for example a scientific dissertation would probably have very clear separation between the results and the discussion of those results; whereas a social science dissertation might have an overall chapter called findings, bringing the results and their discussion together. importantly, start to think critically about the piece you are reading; ask: what is this person trying to say and why? is important that you are assertive about what you are arguing, but it is unlikely that, in a dissertation project, you will be able to be definitive in closing an established academic debate. department of social policy at the lse is naturally concerned to promote the highest ethical standards in the research undertaken by staff and students. contents pages will show up the structure of the dissertation. there is likely to be a required format for the title page in your discipline, so you need to check what that is. what is most important is that ethical considerations, when they apply, are properly and openly discussed.  your analysis might draw on:Statistics – from government sources, from surveys. the application must explain in detail the reasons why an extension is being sought and the nature of the additional material, and must be supported by a reasoned case from the supervisor containing a recommendation that a candidate should be allowed to exceed the word limit by a specified number of words. the msc degree the thesis is not to exceed 40,000 words, excluding bibliography, but including tables, footnotes and appendices.  candidates should discuss the format appropriate to their topic with their supervisor. an existing point of view, perhaps by utilising it on larger or more complex datasets, or apply a theory to a new context. one of the most important of these academic conventions is the literature review. (1993) real world research: a resource for social scientists and practitioner-researchers, oxford university press.

Writing the Dissertation

as you edit and rewrite your dissertation you will probably gain and lose references that you had in earlier versions. if you used particular equipment, processes, or materials, you will need to be clear and precise in how you describe them. purpose of this chapter is to show that you are aware of where your own piece of research fits into the overall context of research in your field. it is better to read something that is not central to your dissertation than miss something that might be an important and relevant contribution to the field. a critical(ist) approach may draw on elements of either or both of the other approaches insofar as they help to explain or understand social policy, but it is sceptical of empiricism and interpretivism because they do not necessarily question the underlying basis of the status quo. it is not a mere ‘summary’ of your research, but needs to be ‘conclusions’ as to the main points that have emerged and what they mean for your field. writing is seen as an activity that happens after everything else:“the research is going well, so the writing should be straightforward - i can leave it until later”. social policy dissertations are 'applied' rather than 'theoretical', and you may find it difficult to be explicit about your chosen methodology. however, don't become pre-occupied with word length, the main thing is that your literature review should capture the general and specific aspects of the literature of your subject. are currently no published research ethics guidelines specific to social policy as an academic subject (but see dean, h.  the two most widely discussed principles in this connection are informed consent and confidentiality: participants should clearly understand the purposes of the research and must explicitly agree to take part; and they should have a right, if they choose, to have any personal data treated in confidence. when you have completed the main body of the work and your tutor has commented on your complete draft, you may well wish to revisit the introduction to take into account your findings and your tutor's comments on their significance.  you need to be aware that some internet sites may be putting forward particular perspectives, so you will need to take this into account in your dissertation. it is concerned to understand the nature or meaning of the social world from the subjective standpoint of the people involved. many of you will be staying in the uk whilst others will be going further afield to carry out research. should write as concisely as is possible, with clear and adequate exposition. permission may be granted for the inclusion of an appendix of a substantial quantity of text which is necessary for the understanding of the thesis. and discuss your findings, whilst demonstrating how they relate to your original question. indeed they may highlight the gap in the literature that exists that you seek to fill; they may provide the basis on which you seek to build, or they might be works which require some critique from your particular perspective. need to check that your quotations from and references to both primary and secondary texts are clearly and consistently identified according to the conventions of the harvard referencing systems (or whatever system your department requires). make sure that your sentences are well constructed and that you are expressing yourself clearly, precisely and fluently. a guide to better writing for scientists, engineers and students. expect all students to behave responsibly and comply with this advice. will be clear that some of the reading you have done is of more relevance than others. one a4 page consisting largely of statistics, symbols or figures shall be regarded as the equivalent of 250 words. you can refer back to the rationale that you gave for your research in the literature review, and discuss what your own research has added in this context. only under the most exceptional circumstances will permission be granted to exceed the limit in other cases.  where appropriate a research ethics checklist and a research ethics review questionnaire may need to be completed. this is not a failure, but a positive sign of increased experience and skill. here is an indicative structure that might help you with your initial plan. in writing your dissertation you will draw on some of this earlier writing to produce a longer and more comprehensive account. the examiners will therefore assess your abstract both as part of your thesis, and as a potentially independent document. headings to notes about analysis, and from ideas for graphical representation to ideas for further research. of astronomy, department of materials science & metallurgy, department of physics:The thesis is not to exceed, without prior permission of the degree committee, 60,000 words, including summary/abstract, tables, footnotes and appendices, but excluding table of contents, photographs, diagrams, figure captions, list of figures/diagrams, list of abbreviations/acronyms, bibliography and acknowledgements. for example, your supervisor may advise you to write a short proposal or abstract, say of about 300 words, in which you set out as clearly as possible what you intend to do in the dissertation. writing is seen as an activity that happens after everything else:“the research is going well, so the writing should be straightforward - i can leave it until later”. the second semester, when drafting the remaining main chapters of the dissertation, you will follow the practice established in the first semester of submitting the drafts to your supervisor for comments and advice. process of having to describe your study in detail, in a logical sequence of written words, will inevitably highlight where more thought is needed, and it may lead to new insight into connections, implications, rationale, relevance, and may lead to new ideas for further research.

, however, you are taking the dissertation module over one semester, you will need to adjust this time frame accordingly. this may involve critiquing the work of established leaders in the field.  in order to maximise the meetings' productivity it is also advisable that you give to your supervisor a list of topics for discussion (e. in this case each segment can have its own sub-heading, with a synthesis that brings the findings together at the end of the chapter. your dissertation is well-structured, easy to follow, logical, and coherent, your examiners will probably enjoy reading it, and will be able to listen to your argument without the distraction of trying to make all the links themselves. can be a good idea to put the word limit to the back of your mind at this point, and concentrate on getting everything recorded in a document. planning is essential, but do not be hesitate to draw up new plans whether it is a brief abstract of your dissertation as a whole, or a detailed breakdown of a particular chapter. thesis must be not less than 50,000 and not more than 80,000 words for the phd degree, and not less than 30,000 and not more than 60,000 words for the mlitt degree, in all cases including appendices and notes of reference. is your opportunity to mention individuals who have been particularly helpful. your application should (a) explain in detail the reasons why you are seeking the extension and (b) be accompanied by a full supporting statement from your supervisor showing that the extension is absolutely necessary in the interests of the total presentation of the subject. you should consider the benefits of your chosen method as well as identifying any disadvantages and how you overcame them. > department of social policy > information for current students > the dissertation. in short, the literature review is a discussion or 'review' of secondary literature that is of general and central relevance to the particular area under investigation. it is often only one page long, and there may be a word limit to adhere to. the phd degree, not to exceed 60,000 words (or 80,000 by special permission of the degree committee), and for the msc degree, not to exceed 40,000 words. the degree committee point out that some very successful doctoral dissertations have been submitted which extend to no more than three-quarters of the maximum permitted length. to include: footnotes, table of contents and list of illustrations, but excluding acknowledgements and the bibliography. is also a very useful moodle resource developed by dr sunil kumar entitled sa452. if you began by making a long and unstructured list of content, you can now feed that into the developing structure by inserting it as bullet points under the relevant headings. as well as covering the ethical issues it should also contain an element of reflection on the research process. it is important therefore to check that all the references in your reference list are actually referenced within the text; and that all the references that appear in the text appear also in the reference list. of earth sciences:The thesis is not to exceed, without the prior permission of the degree committee, 275 numbered pages of which not more than 225 pages are text, appendices, illustrations and bibliography. applications should be made in good time before the date on which a candidate proposes to submit the dissertation, made to the graduate committee. this video clip contains comments from the following academics:Christopher christopher-dowey. is no preference as to which type of dissertation you write. is very important:Do not try to put too much on one page. how is it different from the way others have dealt with this issue? when you hand in this draft, you should arrange a tutorial to receive your supervisor's verbal or written comments and suggestions on how it may be improved.  in such instances the school has recently established a research ethics committee that may be consulted. this is a difficult question given that the total length of your dissertation might be anything from five to twelve thousand words. is likely, and advisable, that you will not wait until the end of your research before starting to write it up. of chemistry:The thesis is not to exceed, without prior permission of the degree committee, 60,000 words, including summary/abstract, tables, and footnotes, but excluding table of contents, photographs, diagrams, figure captions, list of figures/diagrams, list of abbreviations/acronyms, bibliography, appendices and acknowledgements. permission may also be given if a candidate's application is supported by a letter from the supervisor certifying that such exemption from the prescribed limit of length is absolutely necessary in the interests of the total presentation of the subject. you do this, be aware of whether you need to increase the number of words, or decrease it to reach your target. this section should also discuss any variations from the original fieldwork plan, and should conclude with a reflection on the experience of doing fieldwork. discussion links your findings with the research question and literature review. they may have a well defined research question, yet without placing this question in the appropriate context, it can lose its significance. taylor’s (1989) book on writing in the arts and social sciences, he suggests that the following different approaches offer a range of academically legitimate ways to engage with published work.

Literature Reviews

should refer to the guidance provided by your own department, but in general you should think about the following:Your dissertation must normally be typed or word-processed on a4 paper. obviously your supervisor may be able to give some indication of the approximate length of your literature review. allow plenty of time for final revisions after your tutor has seen a complete draft. good news is that you have already started writing if you have written any of the following in relation to this study:A report of any pilot studies that you undertook;. this may be more than one chapter, but should certainly be written in sections. may be one of the shortest sections of your thesis or dissertation, but it is worthwhile taking great care to write it well. this may involve critiquing the work of established leaders in the field. own personal safety is important when you are carrying out primary research (see personal safety and risk assessment). © dr malcolm todd (leeds met), ian baker (sheffield hallam university), professor chris winch (ncu), andy pilkington (ncu), dr john steel (university of sheffield), dr anne hollows (sheffield hallam university). in all cases (a) a candidate must give notice of their application to exceed the prescribed maximum length at least three months before the date on which a candidate proposes to submit their dissertation and (b) the application must be accompanied by a full supporting statement from the candidate's supervisor showing that such exemption from the prescribed limit of length is absolutely necessary. in either event, it is a requirement that dissertations or theses that are based on data directly gathered from human participants should include a statement to demonstrate that the research has been conducted in accordance with appropriate ethical principles.] [1996] ethics and social policy research, published by the social policy association). may choose to review your draft from the standpoint of a dissertation examiner, which might involve preparing a list of questions that you want to see answered, then reading through your dissertation scribbling comments, suggestions, criticisms, and ideas in the margin. candidates whose work is practice-based may include as part of the doctoral submission either a portfolio of substantial musical compositions, or one or more recordings of their own musical performance(s). thesis is not to exceed, without the prior permission of the degree committee, 60,000 words including tables, footnotes, bibliography and appendices. presented by candidates in the research centre for english and applied linguistics must follow as closely as possible the printed style of the journal applied linguistics and referencing and spelling conventions should be consistent.. your stance on what should pass as acceptable knowledge) basis of the study and demonstrate a good working knowledge of the methods to be employed. only under exceptional circumstances will permission be granted to exceed this limit. can be best to write the abstract last, once you are sure what exactly you are summarising. literature review should include literature that is pertinent to your research topic and the policy context. here you have the opportunity:To ensure that your argument is clearly developed from sentence to sentence and from paragraph to paragraph. what follows is a step by step guide on how to go about conducting and presenting your literature review. thesis is not to exceed, without the prior permission of the degree committee, 60,000 words including tables and footnotes, but excluding appendices, bibliography, photographs and diagrams.  for part time students, this applies to the september following your second year of study. the examiners will therefore assess your abstract both as part of your thesis, and as a potentially independent document. if candidates need to increase their word limits they will need to apply for permission. is where you review your own research in relation to the wider context in which it is located. in the detail, concentrating on getting everything recorded rather than sticking to the word limit at this stage. involving groups where permission of a gatekeeper is required for access to members.  it is not the same as your research topic, but is a specific question that you want to try and answer. a candidate must submit, with the dissertation, a statement signed by her or himself attesting to the length of the dissertation. more detailed specifications should be obtained from the division concerned.  the conclusions drawn should be substantiated from within the body of the dissertation. permission to submit a thesis falling outside these limits, or to submit an appendix which does not count towards the word limit, must be obtained in advance from the degree committee. (1993:136) suggests that you ‘think of your report as part of your investigation, not as a duty to be undertaken when your work is otherwise complete’, and this study guide suggests that: writing is an integral part of the research process. they will have to:Formulate a clear question that your dissertation seeks to answer. only in the most exceptional circumstances will permission be given to exceed the stated limits. if you are planning to do quantitative or qualitative research for your dissertation, it might also be useful to audit other relevant my courses.

Writing a dissertation — University of Leicester

is your opportunity to mention individuals who have been particularly helpful. is important, however, to write the introduction as though you are setting out on a process of investigation. addition, if you are travelling to a country where you are not normally resident you should check to be sure that you have all of your immunisations current and do not require any further medical treatment before you travel. each case the object of the writing was to communicate to yourself, your supervisors, or to others, something about your work. essentially, the abstract is a succinct summary of the research. it will also provide you with a framework to refer back to in your discussion chapter, when you reflect on the extent to which your research has achieved what it set out to do. this is something that many researchers and dissertation students go through and is often a necessary part of the process.  your research question needs to be defined with care and your supervisor will help you to do this. your dissertation supervisor may advise on the title in order to help you find and define the focus of the dissertation. chapters are expected to be included, in which order, and what kind of material is expected in each;. it helps to attempt such an abstract even if your supervisor has not suggested that you write one. with ethical issues, students should discuss the risk assessment issues of their research work with their supervisors in the first instance. final note on the more central literature is that this more focused analysis can also serve to bring your empirical or theoretical work into sharper focus. in this way you are building on work that has already been conducted by adopting similar strategies and concepts, yet focusing the question on something that interests you. the abstract is an important element of the thesis, and will become a document in its own right if the thesis is registered within any database. you are doing a piece of empirical research, a common structure is as follows:Introduction, including research question and structure of essay. should also be recognised that researchers have a responsibility to themselves and the school has a responsibility for the safety of staff and students involved in research. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 for the phd degree and 60,000 words for the msc or mlitt degree, both including footnotes, references and appendices but excluding bibliographies. this is not a failure, but a positive sign of increased experience and skill. each sub-heading, list the main content that needs to be included, creating sub-sub-headings if needed. in writing your dissertation you will draw on some of this earlier writing to produce a longer and more comprehensive account. that an existing point of view has certain merits but that it needs to be qualified in certain important respects. while it is important to be respectful in the way that you discuss others’ ideas and research, you are expected to engage directly, and even openly disagree with existing writing.  this is one of the most important parts of your dissertation as it links with your methods and can help with structuring your dissertation. remember the dissertation needs to demonstrate your ability to undertake and report research rather than to answer every question on a topic., this can have a detrimental effect on your other modules - one student said ‘i did the dissertation and left the other work’ - don’t make his mistake. it is important nonetheless to acknowledge that no dissertation can be free from the conceptual assumptions and the values that you yourself bring to it. when you’re doing it, it seems so much more that the rest of your work (todd, bannister and clegg, 2004, p341). you have a list of references for your dissertation, you now have to access and read this material. the conclusion offers the opportunity to review your work as a whole, to identify the points of comparison and contrast the various texts you have examined, and to show that, in the process of your study, you have developed a more precise, critical understanding of the way they deal with your topic. a literature based dissertation a possible structure is as follows:Introduction - explain the purpose of the long essay, give research question, describe the structure. course consists of two lectures in the michaelmas term (weeks 8 and 9) and three lectures in the lent term (weeks 2, 4 and 6). it is often only one page long, and there may be a word limit to adhere to. thesis is for the phd degree not to exceed 80,000 words exclusive of footnotes, appendices and bibliography but subject to an overall word limit of 100,000 words exclusive of bibliography. theoretical approach can result in criticism of social policy, but a critical(ist) approach to the use of evidence is one that is grounded in the analysis of social conflict or relationships of power (for example, marxism, feminism, or post-structuralism). this is the first piece of writing the reader comes to, it is often best to leave its preparation to last as, until then, you will not be absolutely sure what you are introducing. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words for the phd degree and 60,000 words for the mlitt degree, both including all notes and appendices but excluding the bibliography. to the very restrictive word / space limit, while at the same including all the relevant material is quite a challenge.

Define dissertation abstract

at this early stage, your title may be a provisional one that you will revise later. it can be helpful to break the task down into smaller, more easily accomplished elements. dissertation provides you with an opportunity to write a substantial piece of academic work on a topic of interest to you. it is important to be prepared to critique and revise your own work several times. a candidate must submit with their thesis a statement signed by the candidate themself giving the length of the thesis and the number of figures. it is important, however, that you do not discard the less relevant work; instead this can form the broad background of your discussion of the more relevant literature within your field. discursive footnotes are generally discouraged, and under no circumstances should footnotes be used to include material that would normally be in the main text, and thus to circumvent the word limits. it is a requirement of the degree committee for the faculty of modern and medieval languages that dissertations presented must conform with the advice concerning abbreviations, quotations, footnotes, references, and other matters published in the 'style book of the modern humanities research association (notes for authors and editors). these chapters a straightforward description is required of how you conducted the research. a page of text is a4 one-and-a-half-spaced normal size type. to the phd in psychology (former sdp students only) for all submissions from 30 november 2013. with so many variables and permutations it is impossible to offer specific advice about personal safety. you can refer back to the rationale that you gave for your research in the literature review, and discuss what your own research has added in this context. (1993:136) suggests that you ‘think of your report as part of your investigation, not as a duty to be undertaken when your work is otherwise complete’, and this study guide suggests that: writing is an integral part of the research process. this section looks at effective planning, which should be a continuous process that intensifies during the writing of your dissertation and not something that fades into the background. that an existing point of view has certain merits but that it needs to be qualified in certain important respects.  your supervisor will be able to help you to do this. if you have a marking guide then apply it to your dissertation and see if there are aspects that you can improve. the abstract is an important element of the thesis, and will become a document in its own right if the thesis is registered within any database. of geography:The thesis is not to exceed, without the prior permission of the degree committee, 80,000 words for the phd degree and 60,000 words for the msc or mlitt degree, including the summary/abstract. is highly advisable to draft a plan of the dissertation. you should not introduce any new literature at this stage. contents pages will show up the structure of the dissertation. will need to check which style of reporting is preferred in your field.  this 10,000 words refers to the abstract and the main body of the text along with any of the following that you may also include:Title page (not the department summative coursework cover sheet). could start by making a comprehensive and unstructured list of all the elements and ideas that you need to include, ranging from. this is a useful check on whether amalgamation of sections, or creation of further sections or sub-sections is needed.  if you are carrying out secondary data analysis you need to describe the data set you are using and relevant variables. thesis is not to exceed 80,000 words for the phd degree and 60,000 words for the msc and mlitt degrees, in all cases excluding appendices, footnotes, reference list or bibliography. first task is to choose a topic that interests you. it can be useful to think of the research question or topic going like a strong thread throughout the dissertation: linking all the elements of the study, and giving coherence to its reporting. try and get a sense of the theoretical perspective of the author, this will be of use when you organise and present your literature review. important aspect running through your dissertation will be your argument for:Why this specific topic is worth researching;. exceptional cases (when, for example, a candidate's thesis largely consists of an edition of a text) the degree committee may grant permission to exceed these limits but in such instances (a) a candidate must apply to exceed the length at least three months before the date on which a candidate proposes to submit their thesis and (b) the application must be supported by a letter from a candidate's supervisor certifying that such exemption from the prescribed limit of length is absolutely necessary. any dissertation that exceeds the limit will be referred back to candidate for revision before being forwarded to the examiners. is where you review your own research in relation to the wider context in which it is located. there is more about this in the section on plagiarism.  it is the student's responsibility to submit to the supervisor, with reasonable notice, material that can form the basis of discussion in these meetings.

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