How long is a dissertation introduction

Writing the Dissertation

How long is a 10 000 word dissertation

even the early chapters submitted for assessment, and passing that assessment, may need to be revised later on. process of having to describe your study in detail, in a logical sequence of written words, will inevitably highlight where more thought is needed, and it may lead to new insight into connections, implications, rationale, relevance, and may lead to new ideas for further research.  this 10,000 words refers to the abstract and the main body of the text along with any of the following that you may also include:Title page (not the department summative coursework cover sheet).  the purpose of social research is so far as possible to advance human understanding and not exclusively the interests of the researcher, of any particular organisation, group or government. the examiners will therefore assess your abstract both as part of your thesis, and as a potentially independent document. from doing the research to writing a comprehensive account of it is not necessarily easy.  it is advisable to use the chapter number as a prefix. can be difficult to identify the best order for sections in this chapter because the rationale for your choice of specific research question can be complicated, and there may be several inter-linked reasons why the research is needed. what is most important is that ethical considerations, when they apply, are properly and openly discussed. this may involve critiquing the work of established leaders in the field.  you may be putting forward a particular argument and you can give this in your introduction with the issues that you are going to address. is where you review your own research in relation to the wider context in which it is located. is your opportunity to mention individuals who have been particularly helpful. country specific information is also available on the department of health website. the summer months many of you will be undertaking fieldwork for your dissertations. a gap where you argue that further research is needed; and.  remember to seek the advice or your supervisor about the exact structure you choose to adopt. sure that you don’t promise anything that can’t be delivered later.  however, a number of other bodies do publish such guidelines, amongst which some of the most helpful are those of the social research association. it is a charity and is incorporated in england as a company limited by guarantee under the companies acts (reg no. introduction needs to set the scene for the later work and give a broad idea of the arguments and/or research that preceded yours. should write a draft of your introduction very early on, perhaps as early as when you submit your research proposal, to set out a broad outline of your ideas, why you want to study this area, and what you hope to explore and/or establish. is very important:Do not try to put too much on one page. the elements in the statement include a precise and clear description of the research and it highlights the results or outcomes. literature-based long essay providing an analysis of a specific research question of relevance to social policy. this will then form the basis for your next, improved, draft. general guidance is to assist with msc dissertations (long essays).

How long is a dissertation introduction

  the introduction should provide a brief overview of the structure of your dissertation (i. and sub-headings will help to organise the material better and will also improve presentation. if you used particular equipment, processes, or materials, you will need to be clear and precise in how you describe them.  certain kinds of research may expose the investigator to danger, including the risk of violence from participants or because of the inherently hazardous nature of the environment in which the investigation is to be conducted. introduction is the reader’s ‘door’ into your thesis or dissertation. it should give some idea of why you chose to study this area, giving a flavour of the literature, and what you hoped to find out. is also a good idea to look at the structure used in published peer-reviewed empirical studies. you are doing a piece of empirical research, a common structure is as follows:Introduction, including research question and structure of essay.  you need to be aware that some internet sites may be putting forward particular perspectives, so you will need to take this into account in your dissertation. it is important to be prepared to critique and revise your own work several times. keeping the introduction in mind will help you to ensure that your research stays on track.’t include too many citations in your introduction: this is your summary of why you want to study this area, and what questions you hope to address. on this page | freedom of information | about this site | social media.  it should be noted that students cannot expect to receive support from supervisors after the end of the summer term. > department of social policy > information for current students > the dissertation. it aims to help you to feel confident in the construction of this extended piece of writing, and to support you in its successful completion.  it is recognised, however, that such standards are not self-evident or devoid of controversy. a critical(ist) approach may draw on elements of either or both of the other approaches insofar as they help to explain or understand social policy, but it is sceptical of empiricism and interpretivism because they do not necessarily question the underlying basis of the status quo. own personal safety is important when you are carrying out primary research (see personal safety and risk assessment).  you need to find a manageable topic – one that has not been researched excessively nor so under-researched that there is no literature available for you to build on. it is concerned to explain external realities from an objective standpoint.  in order to maximise the meetings' productivity it is also advisable that you give to your supervisor a list of topics for discussion (e.*msc population and development students should disregard this 10,000 word limit and refer to their programme specific guidance. the length of the introduction will vary according to the type of writing. registered office address of the school is: the london school of economics and political science, houghton street, london wc2a 2ae, uk; tel: +44 (0)20 7405 7686. you are encouraged to take any of these approaches, but you are required explicitly to reflect within the dissertation upon the basis of your approach.  your supervisor will be able to help you to do this.

How long is an introduction in a dissertation

to the very restrictive word / space limit, while at the same including all the relevant material is quite a challenge. in writing your dissertation you will draw on some of this earlier writing to produce a longer and more comprehensive account. you do this, be aware of whether you need to increase the number of words, or decrease it to reach your target.  the information at this link is for phd students but you can still take note of the guidelines and discuss the questionnaire with your supervisor before conducting any fieldwork. will give details of the research topic you have decided to focus on, why the topic is of interest, what the gaps are in knowledge, how your dissertation 'adds value' to previous research (i. items that can usefully go in the appendices are those that a reader would want to see, but which would take up too much space and disrupt the flow if placed within the main text. of this website is subject to, and implies acceptance of, its terms of use (including copyright and intellectual property, privacy and data protection and accessibility). you are carrying out primary research you need to say how you obtained your sample, how you have ensured anonymity of participants, and any other ethical issues. identified gaps in the literature and ways in which you can add value to the research, you need to give your research question and explain how answering this adds to knowledge. the abstract is an important element of the thesis, and will become a document in its own right if the thesis is registered within any database. introduction to your dissertation or thesis will probably draw heavily on your research proposal.  it is not the same as your research topic, but is a specific question that you want to try and answer. department of social policy at the lse is naturally concerned to promote the highest ethical standards in the research undertaken by staff and students. expect all students to behave responsibly and comply with this advice. is a non-assessed course which aims to provide an understanding of issues associated with the research process for all students undertaking msc degrees in the department of social policy. is important that you are assertive about what you are arguing, but it is unlikely that, in a dissertation project, you will be able to be definitive in closing an established academic debate. is likely to be a short section giving details of the types of material you have used, books, peer-reviewed articles, grey literature, press reports, internet based materials. for some this will involve poring over the latest government policies, but for others it will mean going out to talk to stakeholders and policy makers. if you are planning to do quantitative or qualitative research for your dissertation, it might also be useful to audit other relevant my courses. there is likely to be a required format for the title page in your discipline, so you need to check what that is. as you edit and rewrite your dissertation you will probably gain and lose references that you had in earlier versions. alternatively it can be useful to write the abstract earlier on, as an aid to identifying the crucial main thread of your research, its purpose, and its findings, which could then guide the structure of the dissertation. reading the acknowledgements in other dissertations in your field will give you an idea of the ways in which different kinds of help have been appreciated and mentioned. however the following general points should be kept in mind at all times:Your fieldwork is an important part of your dissertation.  the two most widely discussed principles in this connection are informed consent and confidentiality: participants should clearly understand the purposes of the research and must explicitly agree to take part; and they should have a right, if they choose, to have any personal data treated in confidence. first section of your dissertation or thesis may in practice be the last one written. it is important therefore to check that all the references in your reference list are actually referenced within the text; and that all the references that appear in the text appear also in the reference list.

EAP Writing Research Dissertations & Theses

How long is a dissertation in psychology

can expect comment on written work (an outline, particular chapters or a draft) if it is received by supervisors by week 7 of the summer term. that an existing point of view has certain merits but that it needs to be qualified in certain important respects. good news is that you have already started writing if you have written any of the following in relation to this study:A report of any pilot studies that you undertook;. the end of the introduction, it is also usual to set out an outline of the rest of the dissertation. feedback from others at this stage, before you begin to fill in the detail. an existing point of view or statement of it, such that the new version makes a better explanation. policy research will often be directly concerned with the experiences of the users of human services and/or the needs of disadvantaged social groups. introduction is different from an abstract, but is no less important. policy and good practice now require a risk assessment where students are engaged in academic work away from lse which produces what can be termed 'serious additional risk'. there is no major empirical component to the dissertation, the examiners will pay particular attention to matters of scholarship.  where appropriate a research ethics checklist and a research ethics review questionnaire may need to be completed. this means that your introduction can be much clearer about what exactly you chose to investigate and the precise scope of your work.  because research in social policy may well involve individuals or groups who are unusually vulnerable or marginalised, adhering to these principles can sometimes be problematic. reference list (bibliography) and appendices are not included in this word limit. is also a very useful moodle resource developed by dr sunil kumar entitled sa452. it is worth taking time to develop a logical structure as this will help to convince examiners of the relevance of your research, and that you understand its relevance. contents pages will show up the structure of the dissertation. it is concerned to understand the nature or meaning of the social world from the subjective standpoint of the people involved. if you began by making a long and unstructured list of content, you can now feed that into the developing structure by inserting it as bullet points under the relevant headings. (1993) real world research: a resource for social scientists and practitioner-researchers, oxford university press. involving groups where permission of a gatekeeper is required for access to members. that there is an appropriate balance between and within  sections, and that the structure facilitates the logical and coherent description of the research study you have undertaken.  it is the student's responsibility to submit to the supervisor, with reasonable notice, material that can form the basis of discussion in these meetings. taylor’s (1989) book on writing in the arts and social sciences, he suggests that the following different approaches offer a range of academically legitimate ways to engage with published work. in either event, it is a requirement that dissertations or theses that are based on data directly gathered from human participants should include a statement to demonstrate that the research has been conducted in accordance with appropriate ethical principles. introduction will give details of the research topic you have decided to focus on, why the topic is of interest, what the gaps are in knowledge, how your dissertation 'adds value' to previous research (i. chapters are expected to be included, in which order, and what kind of material is expected in each;.

How many words is in a dissertation

  this is one of the most important parts of your dissertation as it links with your methods and can help with structuring your dissertation. it is worth seeking advice from the travel clinic which is in mortimer market (off capper street), london wc1e 6au; this is part of the outpatients clinic of the hospital for tropical diseases. a guide to better writing for scientists, engineers and students. purpose of this chapter is to show that you are aware of where your own piece of research fits into the overall context of research in your field. an introduction connects the present research with what has gone before; justifies present research; identifies the aims of the present research; and leads into the main text. may be one of the shortest sections of your thesis or dissertation, but it is worthwhile taking great care to write it well.  although any particular empirical investigation may be modest in scope, if it entails human participants, it is nonetheless essential that staff, students and supervisors should consider and address any ethical implications that may pertain to the project. a literature based dissertation a possible structure is as follows:Introduction - explain the purpose of the long essay, give research question, describe the structure. structure of the writing is clearly indicated with a sequenced overview of the content. literature review might draw on:Statistics – from government sources, from surveys. best way to ensure that you can do this is to give yourself enough time to write a really good introduction, including several redrafts. introduction to your dissertation or thesis may well be the last part that you complete, excepting perhaps the abstract.  it is an opportunity to produce a work of scholarship, using the academic skills you have developed. **bound copies of the dissertation must be submitted to the course administrator on or before 1 september at 12:00 (midday) or if this falls on a weekend, the first week day after 1 september. title itself is an important opportunity to tell the potential reader what your research is about.  your research question can assist with structuring of your dissertation. can be a good idea to put the word limit to the back of your mind at this point, and concentrate on getting everything recorded in a document.  additionally, it may be necessary to anticipate, for example, that participation in certain kinds of research may occasion emotional distress to the individuals concerned, or that the reporting of research - even when participants have been anonymised - may indirectly harm or unintentionally stigmatise those who took part, or the groups or communities to which they belong. you have carried out empirical work, remember the need for informed consent and confidentiality (do not use actual names of individuals or organisations, institutions etc. social policy dissertations are 'applied' rather than 'theoretical', and you may find it difficult to be explicit about your chosen methodology. in this case each segment can have its own sub-heading, with a synthesis that brings the findings together at the end of the chapter. to do this you need to:Describe the current state of research in your defined area;. you are travelling to a country where you are not a citizen and have no right to health care you should take out insurance to cover your costs should you fall ill or require some form of assistance.  the introduction should provide a brief overview of the structure (i. can be best to write the abstract last, once you are sure what exactly you are summarising. they will expect your dissertation to be especially thorough and critical in its handling of the issues and in its development of the arguments it puts forward. an existing point of view, perhaps by utilising it on larger or more complex datasets, or apply a theory to a new context.

How long is the introduction of a dissertation

it can be useful to think of the research question or topic going like a strong thread throughout the dissertation: linking all the elements of the study, and giving coherence to its reporting. the london school of economics and political science is a school of the university of london. is no preference as to which type of dissertation you write. it is certainly an academic exercise, but perhaps not too different from the concise explanations of your research you may have had to give to relatives and neighbours over the last few years, in terms of its brevity, accessibility, and comprehensiveness.  remember that if you do not approach your supervisor he/she will not necessarily chase you - the initiative is your responsibility. important aspect running through your dissertation will be your argument for:Why this specific topic is worth researching;. while it is important to be respectful in the way that you discuss others’ ideas and research, you are expected to engage directly, and even openly disagree with existing writing.  whilst examiners may choose to refer to the appendices during marking, you should not include any material in this section that you expect to be read and contribute to your final mark. will need to check which style of reporting is preferred in your field. theoretical approach can result in criticism of social policy, but a critical(ist) approach to the use of evidence is one that is grounded in the analysis of social conflict or relationships of power (for example, marxism, feminism, or post-structuralism). may choose to review your draft from the standpoint of a dissertation examiner, which might involve preparing a list of questions that you want to see answered, then reading through your dissertation scribbling comments, suggestions, criticisms, and ideas in the margin. these chapters a straightforward description is required of how you conducted the research. should also be recognised that researchers have a responsibility to themselves and the school has a responsibility for the safety of staff and students involved in research. headings to notes about analysis, and from ideas for graphical representation to ideas for further research.  if you are carrying out secondary data analysis you need to describe the data set you are using and relevant variables. it may be helpful to divert your attention for a while to the finishing off activities you need to attend to:Writing the abstract and the introduction;. it is not a mere ‘summary’ of your research, but needs to be ‘conclusions’ as to the main points that have emerged and what they mean for your field. your dissertation is well-structured, easy to follow, logical, and coherent, your examiners will probably enjoy reading it, and will be able to listen to your argument without the distraction of trying to make all the links themselves. each sub-heading, list the main content that needs to be included, creating sub-sub-headings if needed. it is often only one page long, and there may be a word limit to adhere to.  in such instances, attention should be paid to the ways in which such risks may be minimised. It sets the scene, and explains why you studied this area and what you hoped to find. in the detail, concentrating on getting everything recorded rather than sticking to the word limit at this stage. also refer to the summative coursework submission guidelines in the examination and assessment section.  if there are theoretical debates in the literature, then the introduction is a good place for the researcher to give his or her own perspective in conjunction with the literature review section of the dissertation., you should check the british foreign and commonwealth office travel advice web pages for specific information regarding the country to which you are travelling.  in this context, there is a wider ethical imperative that people should not be objectified as the 'subjects' of research, but that, wherever possible, they should be empowered as participants in the research process.

How long is a thesis introduction? Changing thesis structures

How long is a dissertation in words

students taking msc social policy programmes are strongly encouraged to attend sa4c1: long essay and the research process (see the guidance notes for msc dissertations).  regardless of topic, your dissertation will demonstrate the following skills:Defining and outlining a research topic;. need to check whether or not the appendices count within the word limit for your dissertation. dissertation provides you with an opportunity to write a substantial piece of academic work on a topic of interest to you. analysis should critically evaluate earlier work in the field, paying due attention to its contributions, and to any methodological problems and limitations involved.  this is of fundamental importance as it will ensure that your dissertation has a clear focus. this is the first piece of writing the reader comes to, it is often best to leave its preparation to last as, until then, you will not be absolutely sure what you are introducing. clearly structured, the introduction will create a positive impression on the reader. the introduction has two main roles:To expand the material summarised in the abstract, and. embarking on any substantial writing for your dissertation you will need to check the exact requirements regarding:The word limit: maximum and minimum; and whether or not this includes words within tables, the abstract, the reference list, and the appendices;.: this is a separate, self-contained summary; it focuses on providing a representation of the whole article, thesis or dissertation. first task is to choose a topic that interests you. introduction provides the rationale for your dissertation, thesis or other research project: what you are trying to answer and why it is important to do this research.  academics are expected to spend the summer vacation on research and writing, as well as attending meetings and conferences and taking holidays, so do not rely on contact with your supervisor after that date.] [1996] ethics and social policy research, published by the social policy association). in unusually sensitive cases it may be sensible for this to be done in any event. department makes available a selection of the highest quality dissertations for students to access. emphasise that anybody engaged in social research has obligations:To society at large. you may begin to feel that your dissertation will never be good enough, and that you need to revise it again and again. should meet with their supervisor to discuss the approach, coverage, questions to be asked, and the outline structure and research design of the dissertation. each case the object of the writing was to communicate to yourself, your supervisors, or to others, something about your work. remember the dissertation needs to demonstrate your ability to undertake and report research rather than to answer every question on a topic. it is important to show that you appreciate the limitations of your research, and how these may affect the validity or usefulness of your findings. back afresh to look critically at the main text may then enable you to complete it to your satisfaction. is especially important for the introduction because it needs to hold your reader’s attention and lead them into your research. with so many variables and permutations it is impossible to offer specific advice about personal safety.  for part time students, this applies to the september following your second year of study.

A GUIDE TO WRITING YOUR MASTERS DISSERTATION School of

most social policy dissertations do not fit neatly into any one methodological category or 'paradigm', but broadly speaking they are likely to tend towards one of three broad schools of thought:All dissertations involve the use of empirical evidence (even if it is existing evidence reported in the relevant literature), but what is called empiricism is an approach to evidence that is aligned to the conventions associated with the natural sciences. the ethical propriety of their research is a requirement of all academic staff and this is something to which a variety of bodies concerned with the governance and funding of research are increasingly attentive – not only in the uk, but also in many other countries in which lse based researchers may seek to conduct their investigations. it will also provide you with a framework to refer back to in your discussion chapter, when you reflect on the extent to which your research has achieved what it set out to do. introduction may indicate a gap in the existing literature or area of study, or a specific problem. although you should do this throughout, it is especially important for the introduction. however you should never do anything or go anywhere that you believe would put you at personal risk. but an introduction to a dissertation may be several pages long. this is not a failure, but a positive sign of increased experience and skill. if you have a marking guide then apply it to your dissertation and see if there are aspects that you can improve.  aim to be modest but realistic in relating your own research to the broader context., if your thesis is ordered by themes, then a more complex outline may be necessary. introduction should also indicate how your piece of research will contribute to the theoretical understanding of the topic. main differences between abstracts and introductions are as follows:Introduction: this introduces the field and creates a setting for the research. are some conventions that guide the structuring of dissertations in different disciplines. can, and should, update your introduction several times as your ideas develop.  ideally, this might mean that service users and the members of disadvantaged groups should have a say in how research is designed and conducted.  your research question needs to be defined with care and your supervisor will help you to do this. addition, if you are travelling to a country where you are not normally resident you should check to be sure that you have all of your immunisations current and do not require any further medical treatment before you travel. good ideas for making your introduction strong include:An interesting opening sentence that will hold the attention of your reader.  it is important in this section that you reflect critically on the limitations of the empirical research you have undertaken. another technique to improve academic writing style is to ensure that each individual paragraph justifies its inclusion. course consists of two lectures in the michaelmas term (weeks 8 and 9) and three lectures in the lent term (weeks 2, 4 and 6). should also be familiar with the school's risk assessment policy.  the conclusions drawn should be substantiated from within the body of the dissertation. the resource has been designed to be self-taught and provides a clear explanation of the purpose of each of the research components (for example, literature review, research question) and how the components are inter-related in writing your essays and dissertation. you have the dissertation in draft form it becomes easier to see where you can improve it. this is a useful check on whether amalgamation of sections, or creation of further sections or sub-sections is needed.

The Dissertation - Information for current students - Department of

students are expected to discuss the ethical implications of their research with their supervisors. is likely, and advisable, that you will not wait until the end of your research before starting to write it up. do not put yourself at risk in order to obtain information. for example a scientific dissertation would probably have very clear separation between the results and the discussion of those results; whereas a social science dissertation might have an overall chapter called findings, bringing the results and their discussion together. writing is seen as an activity that happens after everything else:“the research is going well, so the writing should be straightforward - i can leave it until later”. can be as simple as ‘chapter 2 discusses my chosen methodology, chapter 3 sets out my results, and chapter 4 discusses the results and draws conclusions’. discussion links your findings with the research question and literature review.  in such instances the school has recently established a research ethics committee that may be consulted. it is important nonetheless to acknowledge that no dissertation can be free from the conceptual assumptions and the values that you yourself bring to it., whenever you actually write it, that, for the reader, the introduction is the start of the journey through your work. (1993:136) suggests that you ‘think of your report as part of your investigation, not as a duty to be undertaken when your work is otherwise complete’, and this study guide suggests that: writing is an integral part of the research process. it can be helpful to break the task down into smaller, more easily accomplished elements. is important to allow yourself enough time for the final checking and proof reading of the finished document. conduct of research is a vital part of the life of the department.  not only is it integral to the work of all academic staff, many students in the course of their studies will undertake a piece of primary research for the purposes of a dissertation or thesis. should also introduce and briefly review the literature on your topic to show what is already known and explain the theoretical framework. are currently no published research ethics guidelines specific to social policy as an academic subject (but see dean, h. for example, an essay introduction may consist of several paragraphs and be up to half a page in length. introduction should contain a clear statement of the research question and the aims of the research (closely related to the question). website will look much better in a web browser that supports web standards, but it is accessible to any browser or internet device. with ethical issues, students should discuss the risk assessment issues of their research work with their supervisors in the first instance. humanities t&l office is part of the faculty of humanities. essentially, the abstract is a succinct summary of the research.  even before that date however you should not expect your supervisor to give meticulous detailed comments on drafts:  the purpose of the dissertation is to give you a chance to show your capacities to contribute to academic discussion and debate and it should be your own effort.  to what extent, if any, will you be able to generalise on the basis of your research? only way to achieve a consistent argument throughout a piece of writing is by creating some kind of plan or map of what you want to say. are two major forms of dissertation:A piece of empirical research, conducted on a topic or issue of relevance to social policy.

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